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Adamson, Andrew C; Richards, Hugh G (1990): Chemistry of very young basalts from ODP Hole 106-648B. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Adamson, AC; Richards, HG (1990): Low-temperature alteration of very young basalts from ODP Hole 648B: Serocki Volcano, Mid-Atlantic ridge. In: Detrick, R; Honnorez, J; Bryan, WB; Juteau, T; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 106/109, 181-194,

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Basalts in Hole 648B, located in the rift valley of the Mid-Atlantic Ridge at 23°N in crust estimated to be less than 100,000 years old, are mainly fresh, but small amounts of secondary phases are found on fracture surfaces and in alteration halos within the rocks. The halos are defined by dark bands 1-4 mm thick that have developed parallel to fracture surfaces or pillow margins and which in some cases have migrated some centimeters into the rock. The dark bands are the principal locus of secondary phases. The secondary phases are olive-green and yellow protoceladonites, of composition and structure intermediate between celadonite and iron-rich saponite, red (Mn-poor) to opaque (Mn-rich) iron oxyhydroxides, mixtures of protoceladonite and iron oxyhydroxide, and rare manganese oxides. These phases occur mainly as linings or fillings of open spaces in the basalt within the dark bands. Sulfides and intersertal glass are the only primary phases that can be seen to have been altered. Where dark bands have migrated into the rock, the rock behind the advancing band is almost devoid of secondary phases, implying redissolution. The potassium and magnesium in the secondary phases could have been supplied from ambient seawater. The aluminum in the protoceladonites must have been derived from local reaction of intergranular glass. The source of iron and silica could have been intergranular glass or low temperature mineralizing solutions of the type responsible for the formation of deposits of manganese oxides and iron oxyhydroxides and silicates on the seafloor.
Latitude: 22.922000 * Longitude: -44.947100
Date/Time Start: 1985-11-11T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-12-12T02:00:00
106-648B * Latitude: 22.922000 * Longitude: -44.947100 * Date/Time Start: 1985-11-11T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-12-12T02:00:00 * Elevation: -3344.0 m * Penetration: 33.3 m * Recovery: 6.77 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg106 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 6 cores; 40.8 m cored; 0 m drilled; 16.6 % recovery
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