Stein, Ruediger; Littke, Ralf; Stax, Rainer; Welte, Dietrich Hugo (1989): Carbon chemistry of ODP Leg 105 sites. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744883, Supplement to: Stein, R et al. (1989): Quantity, provenance, and maturity of organic matter at ODP Sites 645, 646, and 647: implications for reconstruction of paleoenvironments in Baffin Bay and Labrador Sea during Tertiary and Quaternary time. In: Srivastava, SP; Arthur, M; Clement, B; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 105, 185-208, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.105.154.1989
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The quantity and quality of organic carbon of Eocene to Holocene sediments from ODP Sites 645, 646, and 647 were investigated to reconstruct depositional environments. Results were based on organic-carbon and nitrogen determinations, Rock-Eval pyrolysis, and kerogen microscopy.
The sediments at Site 645 in Baffin Bay are characterized by relatively high organic-carbon values, most of which range from 0.5% to almost 3%, with maximum values in the middle Miocene. Distinct maxima of organic-carbon accumulation rates occur between 18 and 12.5 Ma and between 3.4 and 0 Ma. At Sites 646 and 647 in the Labrador Sea, organic-carbon contents vary between 0.1% and 0.75%. Cyclic 'Milankovitch-type' changes in organic-carbon deposition imply climate-controlled mechanisms that cause these fluctuations.
The composition of organic matter at Site 645 is dominated by terrigenous components throughout the entire sediment sequence. An increased content of marine organic carbon was recorded only in the late-middle Miocene. At Sites 646 and 647, the origin of the organic matter most probably is marine.
Oceanic paleoproductivity values were estimated, based on the amount of marine organic carbon. During most of the Neogene time interval at Site 645, productivity was low, i.e., similar or less than that measured in Baffin Bay today. Higher values of up to 150 (200) gC/m**2/y may have occurred only in the Miocene. At Sites 646 and 647, mean paleoproductivity values vary between 90 and 170 gC/m**2/y; i.e., these are also similar to those measured in the Labrador Sea today. Lower values of 40 to 70 gC/m**2/y were estimated for the early Eocene and (middle) Miocene.
Median Latitude: 62.707419 * Median Longitude: -55.476296 * South-bound Latitude: 53.331300 * West-bound Longitude: -64.656200 * North-bound Latitude: 70.458000 * East-bound Longitude: -45.262000
Date/Time Start: 1985-09-05T13:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-10-23T18:15:00
105-645B * Latitude: 70.457200 * Longitude: -64.654300 * Date/Time Start: 1985-09-05T13:25:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-09-10T01:25:00 * Elevation: -2019.0 m * Penetration: 298.9 m * Recovery: 171.68 m * Location: Baffin Bay * Campaign: Leg105 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 32 cores; 298.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 57.6 % recovery
105-645D * Latitude: 70.457200 * Longitude: -64.656200 * Date/Time Start: 1985-09-10T12:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-09-13T17:00:00 * Elevation: -2018.0 m * Penetration: 465.8 m * Recovery: 106.84 m * Location: Baffin Bay * Campaign: Leg105 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 20 cores; 190.4 m cored; 0 m drilled; 56.1 % recovery
105-645E * Latitude: 70.458000 * Longitude: -64.655000 * Date/Time Start: 1985-09-13T17:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-09-27T20:30:00 * Elevation: -2018.0 m * Penetration: 1147.1 m * Recovery: 535.57 m * Location: Baffin Bay * Campaign: Leg105 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 78 cores; 720.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 74.3 % recovery
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 1) Carbon chemistry of ODP Site 105-645. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744874
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 2) High-resolution record of carbon chemistry of ODP Site 105-645. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744875
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 3) Carbon chemistry and kerogen content of ODP Site 105-645. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744876
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 4) Carbon chemistry of ODP Site 105-646. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744878
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 5) Carbon chemistry of ODP Hole 105-647A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744881
- Stein, R; Littke, R; Stax, R et al. (1989): (Table 6) Total organic carbon content and hydrogen index of ODP Hole 105-647A. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744882