Lipp, Julius S; Hinrichs, Kai-Uwe (2009): Studies of the microbial diversity on analyzed samples from from Peru Margin, Equatorial Pacific, Hydrate Ridge, and Juan de Fuca Ridge. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744490, Supplement to: Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): Structural diversity and fate of intact polar lipids in marine sediments. Geochimica et Cosmochimica Acta, 73(22), 6816-6833, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gca.2009.08.003
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Marine sediments harbor an enormous quantity of microorganisms, including a multitude of novel species. The habitable zone of the marine sediment column begins at the sediment-water interface and probably extends to depths of several thousands of meters. Studies of the microbial diversity in this ecosystem have mostly relied on molecular biological techniques. We used a complementary method - analysis of intact polar membrane lipids - to characterize the in-situ microbial community in sediments covering a wide range of environmental conditions from Peru Margin, Equatorial Pacific, Hydrate Ridge, and Juan de Fuca Ridge. Bacterial and eukaryotic phospholipids were only detected in surface sediments from the Peru Margin. In contrast, deeply buried sediments, independent of their geographic location, were dominated by archaeal diether and tetraether lipids with various polar head groups and core lipids. We compared ring distributions of archaeal tetraether lipids derived from polar glycosidic precursors with those that are present as core lipids. The distributions of these related compound pools were distinct, suggestive of different archaeal sources, i.e., the polar compounds derive from sedimentary communities and the core lipids are fossil remnants from planktonic communities with possible admixtures of decayed sedimentary archaea. This in-situ production of distinct archaeal lipid populations potentially affects applications of the TEX86 paleotemperature proxy as demonstrated by offsets in reconstructed temperatures between both pools. We evaluated how varying cell and lipid stabilities will influence the sedimentary pool by using a box-model. The results are consistent with (i) a requirement of continuous inputs of freshly synthesized lipids in subsurface sediments for explaining the observed distribution of intact polar lipids, and (ii) decreasing lipid inputs with increasing burial depth.
Median Latitude: 0.217324 * Median Longitude: -87.680792 * South-bound Latitude: -11.582830 * West-bound Longitude: -127.763330 * North-bound Latitude: 47.754660 * East-bound Longitude: -77.551330
Date/Time Start: 2000-06-06T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-08-06T07:15:00
201-1226B * Latitude: -3.094480 * Longitude: -90.817980 * Date/Time Start: 2002-02-19T19:55:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-02-23T10:45:00 * Elevation: -3297.0 m * Penetration: 421.4 m * Recovery: 413.69 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 47 cores; 418.9 m cored; 2.5 m drilled; 98.8 % recovery
201-1227A * Latitude: -8.991050 * Longitude: -79.955830 * Date/Time Start: 2002-02-28T13:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-03-02T05:50:00 * Elevation: -427.5 m * Penetration: 151.1 m * Recovery: 100.51 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 18 cores; 151.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 66.5 % recovery
201-1227D * Latitude: -8.990780 * Longitude: -79.956010 * Date/Time Start: 2002-03-02T09:50:00 * Date/Time End: 2002-03-02T21:45:00 * Elevation: -426.6 m * Penetration: 74 m * Recovery: 54.84 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg201 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 8 cores; 74 m cored; 0 m drilled; 74.1 % recovery
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): (Table 1) Geochemical parameters of analyzed samples from from Peru Margin, Equatorial Pacific, Hydrate Ridge, and Juan de Fuca Ridge. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744064
- Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): (Table 2) Relative distribution of polar head groups in bacterial IPL and observed concentrations. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744067
- Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): (Table 3) Concentrations and relative proportions of PLFAs and bacterial IPLs. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744071
- Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): (Table 4) Archaeal IPL distribution in fractions enriched by preparative HPLC. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744082
- Lipp, JS; Hinrichs, K-U (2009): (Table 6) Relative proportions of IPL- and fossil GDGTs, TEX86 temperature proxy and corresponding sea surface temperatures. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.744197