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Comas, Maria C; Maldonado, Andrés (1988): Cenozoic sediments facies and geochemistry of ODP Hole 103-637A. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Comas, MC; Maldonado, A (1988): Late Cenozoic sedimentary facies and processes in the Iberian Abyssal Plain, Site 637, ODP Leg 103. In: Boillot, G; Winterer, EL; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 103, 635-655,

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The late Cenozoic deposits recovered at ODP Site 637 from the Iberian Abyssal Plain near the continental margin off northwestern Spain include three main facies groups. Turbidites are the dominant facies association (two-thirds of the total thickness), followed by pelagites (one-fourth), and subordinate amounts of contourites (one-tenth). Slump deposits occur locally in the upper Miocene and middle Pliocene. Turbidity currents and pelagic settling were the significant sediment depositional processes from the Pliocene to the Pleistocene, whereas bottom currents predominated during the late Miocene.
Fine-grained, base-cut-out turbidites, normally starting with the Td division, are the most abundant sequence type. The pelagites include both carbonate-rich pelagic and hemipelagic facies. The two types of contourites, sandy and calcareous-rich or fine-grained terrigenous, record two types of bottom-current processes.
The Cenozoic deposits at Site 637 show a general upward transition from contourites in the upper Miocene to turbidites in the Pliocene-Quaternary. The entire section is rhythmically bedded and has a poorly developed cyclic pattern defined by variations in the total carbonate content. The low sedimentation rates also show the same cyclicity, with lower values for the late Miocene and late Pliocene. This evolution reflects the predominant depositional processes and the dissolution of carbonates by a lower CCD during the late Miocene.
Latitude: 42.088300 * Longitude: -12.863300
Date/Time Start: 1985-04-28T18:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-05-04T21:00:00
103-637A * Latitude: 42.088300 * Longitude: -12.863300 * Date/Time Start: 1985-04-28T18:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-05-04T21:00:00 * Elevation: -5321.0 m * Penetration: 285.6 m * Recovery: 116.31 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg103 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 30 cores; 285.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 40.7 % recovery
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