Haggerty, Janet A; Germann, Scott H (1988): Macroturbidites of ODP Hole 103-641C. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.743869, Supplement to: Haggerty, JA; Germann, SH (1988): Resedimentation and diagenesis, including silicification, of Barremian-Aptian shallow-water carbonates from the Galicia Margin, Eastern North Atlantic, at Ocean Drilling Program Site 641. In: Boillot, G; Winterer, EL; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 103, 513-530, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.103.128.1988
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Barremian through uppermost Aptian strata from ODP Hole 641C, located upslope of a tilted fault block on the Galicia margin (northwest Spain), are syn-rift sediments deposited in the bathyal realm and are characterized by rapid sedimentation from turbidity currents and debris flows. Calcarenite and calcirudite turbidites contain shallow-water carbonate, terrigenous, and pelagic debris, in complete or partial Bouma sequences. These deposits contain abraded micritized bioclasts of reefal debris, including rudist fragments. The youngest turbidite containing shallow-water carbonate debris at Site 641 defines the boundary between syn-rift and post-rift sediments; this is also the boundary between Aptian and Albian sediments.
Some Aptian turbidites are partially silicified, with pore-filling chalcedony and megaquartz. Adjacent layers of length-fast and -slow chalcedony are succeeded by megaquartz as the final pore-filling stage within carbonate reef debris. Temperatures of formation, calculated from the oxygen isotopic composition of the authigenic quartz, are relatively low for formation of quartz but are relatively warm for shallow burial depths. This quartz cement may be interpreted as a rift-associated precipitate from seawater-derived epithermal fluids that migrated along a fault associated with the tilted block and were injected into the porous turbidite beds. These warm fluids may have cooled rapidly and precipitated silica at the boundaries of the turbidite beds as a result of contact with cooler pore waters. The color pattern in the quartz cement, observed by cathodoluminescence and fluorescence techniques, and changes in the trace lement geochemistry mimic the textural change of the different quartz layers and indicates growth synchronism of the different quartz phases.
Fluorescence petrography of neomorphosed low-Mg-calcite bioclasts in the silicified turbidites shows extensive zonation and details of replacive crystal growth in the bioclasts that are not observed by cathodoluminescence. Fluorescence microscopy also reveals a competitive growth history during neomorphism of the adjacent crystals in an altered carbonate bioclast.
Barremian-Aptian background pelagic sediments from Hole 641C have characteristics similar to pelagic sediments from the Blake-Bahama Formation described by Jansa et al. (1979) from the western North Atlantic. Sediments at this site differ from the Blake-Bahama Formation type locality in that the Barremian-Aptian pelagic sediments have a higher percentage of dark calcareous claystone and some turbidites are silicified at Site 641. The stable isotopic composition of the pelagic marlstones from Site 641 is similar to those of other Berriasian-Aptian pelagic sediments from the Atlantic.
Latitude: 42.155000 * Longitude: -12.181700
Date/Time Start: 1985-06-11T10:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-06-15T13:30:00
103-641C * Latitude: 42.155000 * Longitude: -12.181700 * Date/Time Start: 1985-06-11T10:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1985-06-15T13:30:00 * Elevation: -4650.0 m * Penetration: 305.2 m * Recovery: 112.48 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg103 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 16 cores; 154.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 72.9 % recovery