Bouimetarhan, Ilham; Marret, Fabienne; Dupont, Lydie M; Zonneveld, Karin A F (2009): Dinoflagellate cysts and pollen distribution of marine surface sediments off West Africa. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.743064, Supplement to: Bouimetarhan, I et al. (2009): Dinoflagellate cyst distribution in marine surface sediments off West Africa (6-17°N) in relation to sea-surface conditions, freshwater input and seasonal coastal upwelling. Marine Micropaleontology, 71(3-4), 113-130, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.marmicro.2009.02.001
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An organic-walled dinoflagellate cyst analysis was carried out on 53 surface sediment samples from West Africa (17-6°N) to obtain insight in the relationship between their spatial distribution and hydrological conditions in the upper water column as well as marine productivity in the study area.
Multivariate analysis of the dinoflagellate cyst relative abundances and environmental parameters of the water column shows that sea-surface temperature, salinity, marine productivity and bottom water oxygen are the factors that relate significantly to the distribution patterns of individual species in the region.
The composition of cyst assemblages and dinoflagellate cyst concentrations allows the identification of four hydrographic regimes; 1) the northern regime between 17 and 14°N characterized by high productivity associated with seasonal coastal upwelling, 2) the southern regime between 12 and 6°N associated with high-nutrient waters influenced by river discharge 3) the intermediate regime between 14 and 12°N influenced mainly by seasonal coastal upwelling additionally associated with fluvial input of terrestrial nutrients and 4) the offshore regime characterized by low chlorophyll-a concentrations in upper waters and high bottom water oxygen concentrations.
Our data show that cysts of Polykrikos kofoidii, Selenopemphix quanta, Dubridinium spp., Echinidinium species, cysts of Protoperidinium monospinum and Spiniferites pachydermus are the best proxies to reconstruct the boundary between the NE trade winds and the monsoon winds in the subtropical eastern Atlantic Ocean. The association of Bitectatodinium spongium, Lejeunecysta oliva, Quinquecuspis concreta, Selenopemphix nephroides, Trinovantedinium applanatum can be used to reconstruct past river outflow variations within this region.
Median Latitude: 19.750094 * Median Longitude: -11.547705 * South-bound Latitude: 6.121667 * West-bound Longitude: -21.960000 * North-bound Latitude: 54.525000 * East-bound Longitude: 10.077000
Date/Time Start: 1983-07-11T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-06-30T12:45:00
GeoB9501-4 (286) * Latitude: 16.839660 * Longitude: -16.732660 * Date/Time: 2005-06-12T20:01:00 * Elevation: -330.0 m * Location: Mauritania Canyon * Campaign: M65/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: 45-47 cm
GeoB9502-5 (287) * Latitude: 16.281667 * Longitude: -16.669667 * Date/Time: 2005-06-13T10:15:00 * Elevation: -63.0 m * Campaign: M65/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: 41-50 cm
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Bouimetarhan, I; Marret, F; Dupont, LM et al. (2009): (Appendix A) Dinoflagellate cyst analysis of surface sediment samples off West Africa. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.743033
- Bouimetarhan, I; Marret, F; Dupont, LM et al. (2009): (Table 1) Total cyst counts and concentrations of dinocysts and pollen together with environmental parameters. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.743037