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Junttila, Juho; Ruikka, Marttiina; Strand, Kari O (2005): Clay mineralogy of ODP Site 188-1165. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Junttila, J et al. (2005): Clay-mineral assemblages in high-resolution Plio-Pleistocene interval at ODP Site 1165, Prydz Bay, Antarctica. Global and Planetary Change, 45(1-3), 151-163,

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The Ocean Drilling Program Leg 188 Site 1165 was drilled on the Wild Drift on the Continental Rise off Prydz Bay, East Antarctica to a total depth of 999.1 meters below seafloor (mbsf). It recovered an extensive suite of terrigenous and hemipelagic sediments of early Miocene to Pleistocene age. Of special interest in this study is the sediment column between 0 and 50 mbsf, which consists of a well-preserved section of Pliocene-Pleistocene-age sediments that was sampled at 10-cm intervals. Multiproxy study of this interval could show possible intervals of expansions of the ice-sheet across the continental shelves and express the climatic evolution in Antarctica, particularly during the 'middle' Pliocene warm period (3.15 to 2.85 Ma) which may provide an indication of how the Earth responds to a rise of its surface temperature.
According to the existing age model, the upper 50 mbsf stratigraphic sequence of Site 1165 reaches back to ~4.9 Ma. Throughout this interval, the clay-mineral content is characterized by fluctuations of individual clay minerals, particularly smectite and chlorite. The smectite concentration varies mainly between 0% and 30%. Illite fluctuates less between 50% and 80%, and kaolinite varies mainly between 10% and 20%. Chlorite concentrations are mainly 0% to 10%. There is also a noticeable change in magnetic susceptibility at ~34 mbsf that is clearly indicated in the composition of the clay-mineral suite. At this level, smectite decreases and illite, kaolinite and chlorite show some variability. In particular, there is a slight but persistent increase in chlorite. The results from the Plio-Pleistocene transition, with evenly fluctuating smectite and illite contents and the gradually increasing chlorite content, may indicate cooler conditions compared to the mid-Pliocene conditions. Slight increase in illite content and decrease in smectite content towards Pleistocene supports the previous assumption. The results from the mid-Pliocene with the increasing smectite content and decreasing illite content may indicate warmer and possibly interglacial conditions.
Latitude: -64.379583 * Longitude: 67.218733
Date/Time Start: 2000-01-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-02-14T00:00:00
188-1165 * Latitude: -64.379583 * Longitude: 67.218733 * Date/Time Start: 2000-01-28T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-02-14T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3537.4 m * Penetration: 1686.7 m * Recovery: 708.7 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg188 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 112 cores; 1023.3 m cored; 663.4 m drilled; 69.3% recovery
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