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Kleiven, Helga F; Jansen, Eystein (2003): Stable oxygen isotope record of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma of ODP Sites 177-1091 and 177-1094. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738560, Supplement to: Kleiven, HF; Jansen, E (2003): Data report: Early-mid-pleistocene oxygen isotope stratigraphy from the atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean: ODP Leg 177 Sites 1094 and 1091. In: Gersonde, R; Hodell, DA; Blum, P (eds.) Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 177, 1-20, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.177.114.2003

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Abstract:
Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) cores permit us to extend the study of millennial-scale climate variability beyond the time period that is generally accessible for piston cores (i.e., the last glacial cycle). ODP Leg 177 provided for the first time continuous high sedimentation rate cores along a north-south transect from 41°to 53°S across the main subdivisions of the Southern Ocean (Shipboard Scientific Party, 1999, doi:10.2973/odp.proc.ir.177.101.1999). The main purpose of this drilling was to investigate the Pleistocene and Holocene paleoceanographic history of this region, documented in the sedimentary records. ODP Sites 1094, 1093, 1091, and 1089 accumulated throughout the Pleistocene at rates >10 cm/k.y. and are the most detailed Pleistocene climatic records ever retrieved from the Southern Ocean. These sections provide a unique opportunity to fill an important gap in the knowledge of the paleoclimatic evolution of the high southern latitude regions.
The composite sections at each site were generated shipboard using magnetic susceptibility, gamma ray attenuation (GRA) density, and reflectance data to correlate the drill holes and splice together an optimal (complete and undisturbed) record of the sedimentary sequence at each site. A preliminary magnetic polarity stratigraphy was generated on the 'archive' halves of the core sections from each hole, using the shipboard pass-through magnetometer after demagnetization at a single peak alternating field (Shipboard Scientific Party, 1999).
During July 1998, we sampled core sections spanning the mid-Pleistocene interval (0.65-1.2 Ma) from Sites 1094, 1093, and 1091 at the ODP Bremen Core Repository and have since then analyzed the stable isotopic ratios of foraminifers in samples from Sites 1094 and 1091. Our goals for these studies are to establish detailed chronology for the mid-Pleistocene Southern Ocean records from Leg 177 using high-resolution stable isotope analyses, and furthermore, to trace the evolution of millennial-scale variability in proxy records from older glacial and interglacial periods characterized by higher-frequency variation. Here, we report on our stratigraphic results to date and describe the laboratory methods employed for sample preparation and stable isotope analysis. Furthermore, we provide tab-delimited text files of the age models.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -51.151828 * Median Longitude: 5.393250 * South-bound Latitude: -53.180350 * West-bound Longitude: 5.130333 * North-bound Latitude: -47.094783 * East-bound Longitude: 5.919083
Date/Time Start: 1998-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-01-20T00:00:00
Event(s):
177-1091 * Latitude: -47.094783 * Longitude: 5.919083 * Date/Time: 1998-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -4363.3 m * Penetration: 843.5 m * Recovery: 683.9 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg177 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 91 cores; 843.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 81.1% recovery
177-1094 * Latitude: -53.180350 * Longitude: 5.130333 * Date/Time: 1998-01-20T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2807.3 m * Penetration: 441.8 m * Recovery: 306.1 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg177 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 46 cores; 421.7 m cored; 20.1 m drilled; 72.6% recovery
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