Tietjen, John H (1971): Distribution of deep-sea meiobenthos in surface sediments off North Carolina. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738516, Supplement to: Tietjen, JH (1971): Ecology and distribution of deep-sea meiobenthos of North Carolina. Deep-Sea Research and Oceanographic Abstracts, 18(10), 941-957, https://doi.org/10.1016/0011-7471(71)90001-5
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Observations on the ecology and distribution of meiofauna occurring on the outer continental shelf and continental slope at depths from 50 to 2500 m in the region where the Blake Plateau cuts across the North Carolina slope are reported. Total numbers of meiofauna ranged from 151/100 cm**3 of sediment at 400 m to 1196/100 cm**3 of sediment at 250 m. Sediments of the upper region (50–500 m) consisted of medium-sized calcareous sands with relatively low organic carbon contents, while the deeper sediments (600–2500 m) consisted of sandy silts and silts with organic carbon contents 6–10 times that of the shallower sediments.
Two basic faunas appear to be present in the areas investigated; a shallow-water fauna extending from 50 to 500 m and a deep-water fauna from 800 to 2500 m. The shallow-water fauna consists of nematodes (the dominant taxon) and relatively large numbers of harpactacoid copepods, ostracods, benthic foraminifera, polychaetes, gastrotrichs and several other groups, while below 500 m only nematodes and foraminifera are present in large numbers, the latter being especially abundant between 800 and 2000 m. A major change in the meiofauna occurs on the Blake Plateau between the depths of approximately 400–500 m and 600–750 m where the composition of the sediment changes from sand to silty sand. From 50 m to 400–500 m gastrotrichs, turbellaria, tardigrades, kinorhynchs, halicarids, hydrozoans, gnathostomulids, lamellibranchs and cumaceans are commonly encountered; these groups are absent below 500 m. In addition, there are significant reductions in the numbers of harpactacoids, ostracods, nemerteans and polychaetes below 500 m.
Examination of the nematode population also show faunal differences between the shallower sediments (50–500 m) and the deeper sediments (600–2500 m). High indices of affinity exist among the faunas between 50 and 500 m and among the faunas between 800 and 2500 m; the fauna at 600–750 m represents a transition between these two regions, but it is more closely related to the deep-water fauna.
Changes in the distribution of both the total meiofuna and also the nematodes are highly correlated with changes in sediments composition and bottom water temperatures. It is suggested that changes in grain size and accompanying changes in sources of nutrition, which are the results of Gulf Stream and other current activity, are the dominant environmental factors influencing the meiofauna of the area.
Median Latitude: 33.751196 * Median Longitude: -76.188706 * South-bound Latitude: 33.400000 * West-bound Longitude: -76.891667 * North-bound Latitude: 34.186667 * East-bound Longitude: -75.736667
Date/Time Start: 1970-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1970-01-01T00:00:00
FB#1 * Latitude: 33.558333 * Longitude: -76.670000 * Date/Time: 1970-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -250.0 m * Location: NE-America, Hatteras Abyssal Plain * Campaign: ADEPDCruises * Device: Gravity corer (GC)
FB#2 * Latitude: 33.533333 * Longitude: -76.421667 * Date/Time: 1970-01-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -500.0 m * Location: NE-America, Hatteras Abyssal Plain * Campaign: ADEPDCruises * Device: Gravity corer (GC)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Tietjen, JH (1971): (Table 2) Sediment grain size composition, organic carbon and calcium carbonate of surface sediments off North Carolina. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738512
- Tietjen, JH (1971): (Table 3) Meiofauna abundance in surface sediments of Cape Lookout. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738513
- Tietjen, JH (1971): (Table 4) Meiofauna abundance in surface sediments of Cape Fear. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738514
- Tietjen, JH (1971): (Table 5) Relative abundance of the commoner nematode species in surface sediments off North Carolina. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738515
- Tietjen, JH (1971): Meiofauna abundance in surface sediment off North Carolina. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.55310