Lantzsch, Hendrik; Hanebuth, Till J J; Bender, Vera Barbara; Krastel, Sebastian (2010): (Table 2) Radiocarbon measurements and age calibration. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.738403, Supplement to: Lantzsch, H et al. (2009): Sedimentary architecture of a low-accumulation shelf since the Late Pleistocene (NW Iberia). Marine Geology, 259(1-4), 47-58, doi:10.1016/j.margeo.2008.12.008
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Continental shelves represent areas of highest economical and ecological importance. Nevertheless, these sedimentary systems remain poorly understood due to a complex interplay of various factors and processes which results in highly individual construction schemes. Previous studies of sedimentary shelf systems have mainly focused on a limited number of cores, retrieved from Holocene fine-grained depocentres. As such, the relation between shelf architecture and sedimentary history remains largely obscure. Here, we present new data from the NW Iberian shelf comprising shallow-seismic profiles, a large number of sediment cores, and an extended set of radiocarbon dates to reveal the Late Quaternary evolution of a low-accumulation shelf system in detail.
On the NW Iberian shelf, three main seismic units are identified. These overly a prominent erosional unconformity on top of the basement. The lowermost Unit 1 is composed of maximal 75-m thick, Late Tertiary to Pleistocene deposits. The youngest sediments of this unit are related to the last glacial sea-level fall. Unit 2 was controlled by the deglacial sea-level rise and shows a maximum thickness of 15 m. Finally, Unit 3 comprises deposits related to the late stage of sea-level rise and the modern sea-level highstand with a thickness of 4 m in mid-shelf position. Two pronounced seismic reflectors separate these main units from each other. Their origin is related to (1) exposure and ravinement processes during lower sea level, and (2) to reworking and re-deposition of coarse sediments during subsequent sea-level rise.
According to the sediment core ground-truthing, sediments of the Late Tertiary to Pleistocene unit predominantly display homogenous fine sands with exceptional occurrences of palaeosols that indicate an ancient exposure surface. Fine sands which were deposited in the run of the last sea-level rise show a time-transgressive retrogradational development. The seismic reflectors, bounding the individual units, appear in the cores as 0.1 to 1-m thick deposits consisting either of shell gravels or siliceous coarse sands with gravels. The modern sea-level highstand stage is characterised by zonal deposition of mud forming a mud belt in mid-shelf position, and sediment starvation on outer shelf zones. Radiocarbon ages indicate that this mud belt was the main depocentre for river-supplied fine material on the NW Iberian shelf at least over the past 5.32 ka BP. The initial onset of this depocentre is proposed to be related to a shift in the balance between rate of sea-level rise and amount of terrigenous sediment supply.
Various other stratigraphical shelf reconstructions reveal analogies in architecture which indicate that timing and shaping of the individual units on low-accumulation shelves is fundamentally controlled by eustatic sea-level changes. Other factors of local importance such as differential elevation of the basement and the presence of morphological barriers formed by rocky outcrops on the seafloor have additionally modifying influence on the sedimentary processes.
Median Latitude: 42.226977 * Median Longitude: -9.180259 * South-bound Latitude: 41.633500 * West-bound Longitude: -9.516667 * North-bound Latitude: 42.769722 * East-bound Longitude: -8.974167
Date/Time Start: 2006-08-22T07:20:00 * Date/Time End: 2008-06-15T13:43:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 0.49 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 4.89 m
GeoB11002-3 * Latitude: 42.166694 * Longitude: -8.990167 * Date/Time: 2006-08-22T07:20:00 * Elevation: -111.0 m * Recovery: 4.39 m * Campaign: POS342 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: Vibro Corer (VC)
GeoB11003-3 * Latitude: 42.166833 * Longitude: -9.040139 * Date/Time: 2006-08-22T09:08:00 * Elevation: -129.0 m * Recovery: 4.54 m * Campaign: POS342 * Basis: Poseidon * Device: Vibro Corer (VC)
Age, minimum/young and Age, maximum/old: For reservoir correction, the conventional age of 400 years is applied using CALIB 5.0.1. (Stuiver et al., 1998).
b: Reservoir correction based on the function of Bard et al. (1998).
bF = benthic foraminifers; E. crispum = Elphidium crispum (monospecific sample); bv = bivalve; gp = gastropod
|#||Name||Short Name||Unit||Principal Investigator||Method||Comment|
|2||Latitude of event||Latitude|
|3||Longitude of event||Longitude|
|4||Elevation of event||Elevation||m|
|6||Sample, optional label/labor no||Lab no||Lantzsch, Hendrik||KIA = Leibniz Laboratory in Kiel (Germany); Poz = Poznan Radiocarbon Laboratory (Poland)|
|7||Age, dated material||Dated material||Lantzsch, Hendrik|
|8||Age, dated||Age dated||ka||Lantzsch, Hendrik||Age, 14C AMS||BP|
|9||Age, dated standard deviation||Age std dev||±||Lantzsch, Hendrik||BP|
|10||Age, minimum/young||Age min||ka||Lantzsch, Hendrik||see comment||1 Sigma calibrated|
|11||Age, maximum/old||Age max||ka||Lantzsch, Hendrik||see comment||1 Sigma calibrated|
|13||Age, dated||Age dated||ka||Lantzsch, Hendrik||Intercept|
|14||Age, dated standard deviation||Age std dev||±||Lantzsch, Hendrik||Intercept|
|15||Stratigraphy||Stratigraphy||Lantzsch, Hendrik||Stratigraphic position|
283 data points