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Weldeab, Syee; Schneider, Ralph R; Kölling, Martin (2006): Sea surface temperature and salinity reconstruction of sediment core GeoB3129-1. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Weldeab, S et al. (2006): Deglacial sea surface temperature and salinity increase in the western tropical Atlantic in synchrony with high latitude climate instabilities. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 241, 699-706,

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A sediment core from the western tropical Atlantic covering the last 21,000 yr has been analysed for centennial scale reconstruction of sea surface temperature (SST) and ice volume-corrected oxygen isotopic composition of sea water (delta18O(ivc-sw)) using Mg / Ca and delta18O of the shallow dwelling planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides ruber (white). At a period between 15.5 and 17.5 kyr BP, the Mg / Ca SST and delta18O(ivc-sw), a proxy for sea surface salinity (SSS), reveals a warming of around 2.5 °C along with an increase in salinity. A second period of pronounced warming and SSS increase occurred between 11.6 and 13.5 kyr BP. Within age model uncertainties, both warming intervals were synchronous with air temperature increase over Antarctica and ice retreat in the southern South Atlantic and terminated with abrupt centennial scale SSS decrease and slight SST cooling in conjunction with interglacial reactivation of the meridional overturning circulation (MOC). We suggest that during these warm intervals, production of saline and warm water of the North Brazil Current resulted in pronounced heat and salt accumulation, and was associated with warming in the southern Atlantic, southward displacement of the intertropical convergence zone and weakened MOC. At the termination of the Younger Dryas and Heinrich event 1, intensification of cross-equatorial heat and salt transport caused centennial scale cooling and freshening of the western tropical Atlantic surface water. This study shows that the western tropical Atlantic served as a heat and salt reservoir during deglaciation. The sudden release of accumulated heat and salt at the end of Younger Drays and Heinrich event 1 may have contributed to the rapid reinvigoration of the Atlantic MOC.
Median Latitude: -4.613333 * Median Longitude: -36.637833 * South-bound Latitude: -4.613333 * West-bound Longitude: -36.640000 * North-bound Latitude: -4.613333 * East-bound Longitude: -36.636667
Date/Time Start: 1995-03-18T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-03-30T00:00:00
GeoB3129-1 * Latitude: -4.613333 * Longitude: -36.636667 * Date/Time: 1995-03-18T00:00:00 * Elevation: -830.0 m * Recovery: 5.5 m * Location: NE-Brazilian continental margin * Campaign: JOPSII-6 * Basis: Victor Hensen * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
GeoB3911-3 * Latitude: -4.613333 * Longitude: -36.640000 * Date/Time: 1996-03-30T00:00:00 * Elevation: -828.0 m * Recovery: 7 m * Location: Northeast Brasilian Margin * Campaign: M34/4 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: CC: gray clay, forams
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