Klöcker, Ralph; Henrich, Rüdiger (2005): Pteropod preservation on the Pakistan shelf and continental slope. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.738280, Supplement to: Klöcker, R; Henrich, R (2005): Recent and Late Quaternary pteropod preservation on the Pakistan shelf and continental slope. Marine Geology, 231(1-4), 103-112, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margeo.2006.05.014
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Fifteen surface sediment samples from the Pakistan shelf and upper continental slope and a Late Quaternary high-sedimentation rate core (573 m water depth, Pakistan continental margin) have been analysed to improve the understanding of the factors influencing pteropod preservation. The aragonite compensation depth (ACD) is located at 250–400 m water depth, which corroborates previous observations of a very shallow ACD in the northern Arabian Sea. With the exception of the Hab transect off Karachi, the ACD coincides with the upper boundary of the OMZ located at 250 m water depth. The shell preservation index of the pteropod Limacina inflata (LDX) was applied on six surface sediment samples showing good to very good preservation (LDX: 2.2 to 1.3).
The 30 000 yr long record of sediment core SO90 137KA is characterized by alternations between bioturbated and laminated sediments. Bioturbated sediments occurring in the Early Holocene, Younger Dryas and time-equivalents of Heinrich events contain well to perfectly preserved tests of L. inflata (LDX: 2.1–0.2), whereas only traces of pteropods are found in laminated intervals.
The close linkage of pteropod preservation in the surface sediments and in core 137KA to well-oxygenated conditions can be explained by repetitive intermediate water formation in the Arabian Sea down to at least 600 m water depth in times of enhanced NE monsoons during stadials and H-equivalents. Low amounts of pteropods in laminated sediments (interstadials, Late Holocene) and in the present-day oxygen minimum zone (OMZ) indicate a weak NE monsoon, stable OMZ and shallow ACD.
Klöcker, Ralph (2005): Late Quaternary pelagic aragonite preservation in the Arabian Sea and its paleoceanographic implications. PhD Thesis, Elektronische Dissertationen an der Staats- und Universitätsbibliothek Bremen, Germany, 96 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-diss000102782
Median Latitude: 23.783007 * Median Longitude: 66.057540 * South-bound Latitude: 22.933000 * West-bound Longitude: 63.883500 * North-bound Latitude: 25.083700 * East-bound Longitude: 66.892000
Date/Time Start: 1993-09-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-04-17T10:40:00
SO130_238KG * Latitude: 24.892300 * Longitude: 63.883500 * Date/Time: 1998-04-13T13:07:00 * Elevation: -137.0 m * Recovery: 0.26 m * Campaign: SO130 (MAKRAN 2) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
SO130_255KG * Latitude: 25.083700 * Longitude: 65.582800 * Date/Time: 1998-04-16T19:26:00 * Elevation: -25.0 m * Recovery: 0.28 m * Campaign: SO130 (MAKRAN 2) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Klöcker, R; Henrich, R (2005): Carbon and CaCO3 of surface sediment samples off Pakistan. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.328915
- Klöcker, R; Henrich, R (2005): Coarse fraction, pteropoda counts and Limacina dissolution index of surface sediment cores off Pakistan. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.328914
- Klöcker, R; Henrich, R (2005): Pteropoda counts and Limacina dissolution index of sediment core SO90-137KA. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.328912