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Abelmann, Andrea; Nimmergut, Anja-Pia (2005): Radiolarians in the Sea of Okhotsk. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Abelmann, A; Nimmergut, A-P (2005): Radiolarians in the Sea of Okhotsk and their ecological implication for paleoenvironmental reconstructions. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 52(16-18), 2302-2331,

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To assess the relationship of radiolarian production, species distribution in water and surface sediment to water-mass characteristics, biological productivity and export regimes in the Sea of Okhotsk (SOk) we accomplished a quantitative analysis of radiolarian assemblages obtained from 35 surface-sediment samples and 115 plankton samples recording the radiolarian depth distribution in the upper 1000 m of the water column at 23 locations. This study augments the knowledge on the autecological demands of radiolarians dwelling in a specific hydrographic and biological environment, and extracts new information on the significance of radiolarians for the assessment of past oceanographic and climatic development in high latitudes.
Highest radiolarian accumulation rates and seasonal radiolarian standing stocks are encountered in the western part of the SOk close to Sakhalin, marking the environmental conditions in this area as most favorable for radiolarian production. Maximum standing stocks occur during summer, indicating that the radiolarian signal preserved in the sediment record is mainly produced during this season when the mesopelagic biomass is at highest activity.
We identified seven radiolarian species and groups related to specific water-mass characteristics, depth habitats, and productivity regimes. Of those, Dictyophimus hirundo and Cycladophora davisiana are most prominent in the Sea of Okhotsk Intermediate Water (200–1000 m), the latter representing an indicator of the occurrence of cold and well ventilated intermediate/deep water and enhanced export of organic matter from a highly productive ocean surface. While Antarctissa (?) sp. 1 is typically related to the cold-water Sea of Okhotsk Dicothermal Layer (SODL), ranging between 50 and 150 m water depth, the surface waters above the SODL affected by strong seasonal variability are inhabited predominantly by taxa belonging to the Spongodiscidae, having a broad environmental tolerance. Taxa only found in the sediment record show that the plankton study did not cover all assemblages occurring in the modern SOk. This accounts for an assemblage restricted to the western Kurile Basin and apparently related to environmental conditions influenced by North Pacific and Japan Sea waters. Other important taxa include species of the Plagoniidae group, representing the most prominent contributors to the SOk plankton and surface sediments. These radiolarians show a more opportunistic occurrence and are indicative of high nutrient supply in a hydrographic environment characterized by pronounced stratification enhancing heterotrophic activity and phytodetritus export.
Median Latitude: 50.932285 * Median Longitude: 147.066685 * South-bound Latitude: 45.581550 * West-bound Longitude: 143.971350 * North-bound Latitude: 55.523000 * East-bound Longitude: 153.097867
Date/Time Start: 1992-06-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-09-19T10:25:00
GE99-10-2 * Latitude: 48.305150 * Longitude: 146.135800 * Date/Time Start: 1999-09-09T04:31:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-09-09T05:00:00 * Elevation: -1390.0 m * Location: North-West Kurile basin slope * Campaign: GE99/KOMEX_VI * Basis: Marshal Gelovany * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: 6 cores/6 cores, each yielded approx. 26 cm of sediment; remaining cores: water
GE99-12-3 * Latitude: 52.846450 * Longitude: 144.793767 * Date/Time Start: 1999-09-10T16:35:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-09-10T17:05:00 * Elevation: -930.0 m * Location: Sakhalin shelf * Campaign: GE99/KOMEX_VI * Basis: Marshal Gelovany * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: 10 cores/each yielded approx. 0.30 - 0.45m of sediment
GE99-1-3 * Latitude: 45.581550 * Longitude: 144.339917 * Date/Time Start: 1999-08-29T11:20:00 * Date/Time End: 1999-08-29T12:00:00 * Elevation: -795.0 m * Location: West Kurile basin slope * Campaign: GE99/KOMEX_VI * Basis: Marshal Gelovany * Method/Device: MiniCorer (MIC) * Comment: 4 cores/each core yielded approx. 40 cm of sediment
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