Sahling, Heiko; Bohrmann, Gerhard; Artemov, Yuriy G; Bahr, André; Brüning, Markus; Klapp, Stephan A; Klaucke, Ingo; Kozlova, Elena; Nikolovska, Aneta; Pape, Thomas; Reitz, Anja; Wallmann, Klaus (2010): Pore-water concentration of chloride in sediment cores and equilibrium temperatures and gas bubble analysis at ROV stations from the Vodyanitskii mud volcano. PANGAEA, doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.737657, Supplement to: Sahling, H et al. (2009): Vodyanitskii mud volcano, Sorokin Trough, Black Sea: Geological characterization and quantification of gas bubble streams. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 26(9), 1799-1811, doi:10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2009.01.010
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Vodyanitskii mud volcano is located at a depth of about 2070 m in the Sorokin Trough, Black sea. It is a 500-m wide and 20-m high cone surrounded by a depression, which is typical of many mud volcanoes in the Black Sea. 75 kHz sidescan sonar show different generations of mud flows that include mud breccia, authigenic carbonates, and gas hydrates that were sampled by gravity coring. The fluids that flow through or erupt with the mud are enriched in chloride (up to 650 mmol L**-1 at 150-cm sediment depth) suggesting a deep source, which is similar to the fluids of the close-by Dvurechenskii mud volcano. Direct observation with the remotely operated vehicle Quest revealed gas bubbles emanating at two distinct sites at the crest of the mud volcano, which confirms earlier observations of bubble-induced hydroacoustic anomalies in echosounder records. The sediments at the main bubble emission site show a thermal anomaly with temperatures at 60 cm sediment depth that were 0.9 °C warmer than the bottom water. Chemical and isotopic analyses of the emanated gas revealed that it consisted primarily of methane (99.8%) and was of microbial origin (dD-CH4 = -170.8 per mil (SMOW), d13C-CH4 = -61.0 per mil (V-PDB), d13C-C2H6 = -44.0 per mil (V-PDB)). The gas flux was estimated using the video observations of the ROV. Assuming that the flux is constant with time, about 0.9 ± 0.5 x 10**6 mol of methane is released every year. This value is of the same order-of-magnitude as reported fluxes of dissolved methane released with pore water at other mud volcanoes. This suggests that bubble emanation is a significant pathway transporting methane from the sediments into the water column.
Median Latitude: 44.293933 * Median Longitude: 35.032727 * South-bound Latitude: 44.293633 * West-bound Longitude: 35.032367 * North-bound Latitude: 44.294467 * East-bound Longitude: 35.033250
Date/Time Start: 2007-03-26T16:22:00 * Date/Time End: 2007-04-20T10:59:00
GeoB11913 (GC-1) * Latitude: 44.293683 * Longitude: 35.032433 * Date/Time: 2007-03-26T16:22:00 * Elevation: -2048.0 m * Location: Vodyanitskii Mud Volcano * Campaign: M72/3a * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Device: Gravity corer (GC) * Comment: GC, USBL, Gas hydrates
GeoB11917 (ROV-7) * Latitude Start: 44.293633 * Longitude Start: 35.032367 * Latitude End: 44.294467 * Longitude End: 35.033217 * Date/Time: 2007-03-28T13:28:00 * Elevation Start: -1925.0 m * Elevation End: -2031.0 m * Location: Vodyanitskii Mud Volcano * Campaign: M72/3a * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Device: Remote operated vehicle (ROV) * Comment: ROV-161