Frank, Martin; van de Flierdt, Tina; Halliday, Alex N; Kubik, Peter W; Hattendorf, Bodo; Günther, Detlef (2003): Nd, Pb, and Be isotopes of ferromanaganese crusts of the Atlantic Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.737631, Supplement to: Frank, M et al. (2003): Evolution of deep water mixing and wathering inputs in the central Atlantic Ocean over the past 33 Myr. Paleoceanography, 18(4), 1091, https://doi.org/10.1029/2003PA000919
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The isotopic composition of Nd in present-day deep waters of the central and northeastern Atlantic Ocean is thought to fingerprint mixing of North Atlantic Deep Water with Antarctic Bottom Water. The central Atlantic Romanche and Vema Fracture Zones are considered the most important pathways for deep water exchange between the western and eastern Atlantic basins today. We present new Nd isotope records of the deepwater evolution in the fracture zones obtained from ferromanganese crusts, which are inconsistent with simple water mass mixing alone prior to 3 Ma and require additional inputs from other sources. The new Pb isotope time series from the fracture zones are inexplicable by simple mixing of North Atlantic Deep Water and Antarctic Bottom Water for the entire past 33 Myr. The distinct and relatively invariable Nd and Pb isotope records of deep waters in the fracture zones appear instead to have been controlled to a large extent by contributions from Saharan dust and the Orinoco/Amazon Rivers. Thus the previously observed similarity of Nd and Pb isotope time series from the western and eastern North Atlantic basins is better explainable by direct supply of Labrador Seawater to the eastern basin via a northern pathway rather than by advection of North Atlantic Deep Water via the Romanche and Vema Fracture Zones.
Median Latitude: 2.338494 * Median Longitude: -28.992943 * South-bound Latitude: -1.225000 * West-bound Longitude: -42.700000 * North-bound Latitude: 10.583330 * East-bound Longitude: -20.595000
Date/Time Start: 1977-11-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1977-11-01T00:00:00
DR01-001a (Vema) * Latitude: 10.583330 * Longitude: -42.700000 * Date/Time: 1977-11-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3512.0 m * Campaign: VEMA-CH78 (BIOVEMA-CH78) * Basis: Jean Charcot * Method/Device: Dredge (DRG)
G9632-47 (ROM32) * Latitude Start: -0.815000 * Longitude Start: -21.021667 * Latitude End: -0.853333 * Longitude End: -21.003333 * Elevation Start: -5488.0 m * Elevation End: -3933.0 m * Campaign: ROM96 * Method/Device: Dredge (DRG)
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Frank, M; van de Flierdt, T; Halliday, AN et al. (2003): (Table 2) Be isotope and Co concentrations for the four crusts. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.737630
- Frank, M; van de Flierdt, T; Halliday, AN et al. (2003): Neodymium and lead isotopes from manganese crust DR01-001a (Vema). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.141332
- Frank, M; van de Flierdt, T; Halliday, AN et al. (2003): Neodymium and lead isotopes from manganese crust G9632-47 (ROM32). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.141333
- Frank, M; van de Flierdt, T; Halliday, AN et al. (2003): Neodymium and lead isotopes from manganese crust G9646-63 (ROM46). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.141334
- Frank, M; van de Flierdt, T; Halliday, AN et al. (2003): Neodymium and lead isotopes from manganese crust S1601-13 (ROM16). https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.141335