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Knies, Jochen; Vogt, Christoph (2003): Planktonic isotope record and clay mineralogy of sediment core PS2138-1. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Knies, J; Vogt, C (2003): Freshwater pulses in the eastern Arctic Ocean during Saalian and Early Weichselian ice-sheet collapse. Quaternary Research, 60(3), 243-251,

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Improved multiparameter records from the northern Barents Sea margin show two prominent freshwater pulses into the Arctic Ocean during MIS 5 that significantly disturbed the regional oceanic regime and probably affected global climate. Both pulses are associated with major iceberg-rafted debris (IRD) events, revealing intensive iceberg/sea ice melting. The older meltwater pulse occurred near the MIS 5/6 boundary (~131,000 yr ago); its ~2000 year duration and high IRD input accompanied by high illite content suggest a collapse of large-scale Saalian Glaciation in the Arctic Ocean. Movement of this meltwater with the Transpolar Drift current into the Fram Strait probably promoted freshening of Nordic Seas surface water, which may have increased sea-ice formation and significantly reduced deep-water formation. A second pulse of freshwater occurred within MIS 5a (~77,000 yr ago); its high smectite content and relatively short duration is possibly consistent with sudden discharge of Early Weichselian ice-dammed lakes in northern Siberia as suggested by terrestrial glacial geologic data. The influence of this MIS 5a meltwater pulse has been observed at a number of sites along the Transpolar Drift, through Fram Strait, and into the Nordic Seas; it may well have been a trigger for the North Atlantic cooling event C20.
Latitude: 81.537667 * Longitude: 30.876167
Date/Time Start: 1991-07-18T21:03:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-07-18T21:03:00
PS2138-1 (PS19/112) * Latitude: 81.537667 * Longitude: 30.876167 * Date/Time: 1991-07-18T21:03:00 * Elevation: -862.0 m * Penetration: 10 m * Recovery: 6.34 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/2 (PS19 EPOS II) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: Lot 10m
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