Asami, Ryuji; Felis, Thomas; Deschamps, Pierre; Hanawa, Kimio; Iryu, Yasufumi; Bard, Édouard; Durand, Nicolas; Murayama, Masafumi (2009): Stable oxygen isotope record and Sr/Ca ratios of corals from IODP Holes M0009D and M0023A. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.736807, Supplement to: Asami, R et al. (2009): Evidence for tropical South Pacific climate change during the Younger Dryas and the Bølling-Allerød from geochemical records of fossil Tahiti corals. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 288(1-2), 96-107, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.09.011
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We present monthly resolved records of strontium/calcium (Sr/Ca) and oxygen isotope (d18O) ratios from well-preserved fossil corals drilled during the Integrated Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) Expedition 310 'Tahiti Sea Level' and reconstruct sea surface conditions in the central tropical South Pacific Ocean during two time windows of the last deglaciation. The two Tahiti corals examined here are uranium/thorium (U/Th)-dated at 12.4 and 14.2 ka, which correspond to the Younger Dryas (YD) cold reversal and the Bølling-Allerød (B-A) warming of the Northern Hemisphere, respectively. The coral Sr/Ca records indicate that annual average sea surface temperature (SST) was 2.6-3.1 °C lower at 12.4 ka and 1.0-1.6 °C lower at 14.2 ka relative to the present, with no significant changes in the amplitude of the seasonal SST cycle. These cooler conditions were accompanied by seawater d18O (d18Osw) values higher by ~0.8 per mill and ~0.6 per mill relative to the present at 12.4 and 14.2 ka, respectively, implying more saline conditions in the surface waters. Along with previously published coral Sr/Ca records from the island [Cohen and Hart (2004), Deglacial sea surface temperatures of the western tropical Pacific: A new look at old coral. Paleoceanography 19, PA4031, doi:10.1029/2004PA001084], our new Tahiti coral records suggest that a shift toward lower SST by ~1.5 °C occurred from 13.1 to 12.4 ka, which was probably associated with a shift toward higher d18Osw by ~0.2 per mill. Along with a previously published coral Sr/Ca record from Vanuatu [Corrège et al. (2004), Interdecadal variation in the extent of South Pacific tropical waters during the Younger Dyras event. Nature 428, 927-929], the Tahiti coral records provide new evidence for a pronounced cooling of the western to central tropical South Pacific during the Northern Hemisphere YD event.
Median Latitude: -17.489430 * Median Longitude: -149.403980 * South-bound Latitude: -17.490280 * West-bound Longitude: -149.404610 * North-bound Latitude: -17.488580 * East-bound Longitude: -149.403350
Date/Time Start: 2005-10-20T23:50:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-11-10T22:12:00
310-M0009D (TAH-02A-5C) * Latitude: -17.488580 * Longitude: -149.403350 * Date/Time Start: 2005-10-20T23:50:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-10-21T20:15:00 * Elevation: -103.2 m * Penetration: 44.59 m * Recovery: 23.62 m * Location: Tahiti, offshore Tiarei * Campaign: Exp310 (Tahiti Sea Level) * Basis: DP Hunter * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: Coordinate system: WGS84, Time zone: UTC -10
310-M0023A (TAH-02A-4F) * Latitude: -17.490280 * Longitude: -149.404610 * Date/Time Start: 2005-11-10T08:44:00 * Date/Time End: 2005-11-10T22:12:00 * Elevation: -68.0 m * Penetration: 31.36 m * Recovery: 24.21 m * Location: Tahiti, offshore Tiarei * Campaign: Exp310 (Tahiti Sea Level) * Basis: DP Hunter * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: Coordinate system: WGS84, Time zone: UTC -10
Datasets listed in this publication series
- Asami, R; Felis, T; Deschamps, P et al. (2009): Coral oxygen isotope and Sr/Ca data from IODP Hole M0009D, section 310-M0009D-7R-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.736654
- Asami, R; Felis, T; Deschamps, P et al. (2009): Coral oxygen isotope and Sr/Ca data from IODP Hole M0023A, section 310-M0023A-6R-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.736655