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Pailler, Delphine; Bard, Edouard (2002): Geochemistry and sea-surface temperature reconstruction for sediment cores of the Iberian Margin. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Pailler, D; Bard, E (2002): High frequency palaeoceanographic changes during the past 140000 yr recorded by the organic matter in sediments of the Iberian Margin. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 181(4), 431-452,

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Biogenic records of the marine palaeoproductivity (carbonates, organic carbon, and C37 alkenones) and the molecular stratigraphy of past sea surface temperatures (SSTs; UK'37) were studied at high resolution in two cores of the Iberian Margin. The comparison of these records indicates that the oceanographic conditions switched abruptly during the past 160 kyr between three kinds of regimes. A first regime with high (17-22°C) SST and low productivity typifies the interglacial periods, marine isotopic stages (MIS) 5 and 1. Several periods during MIS 6, 2, and the terminations II and I are characterised by about 4-5°C colder SST and a higher organic matter accumulation, both of which define the second regime. This anticorrelation between SST and marine productivity suggests that these variations are related to the intensity of the coastal upwelling. By contrast with this upwelling behaviour, extremely low biological productivity and very cold SST (6-12°C) occurred during short phases of glacial MIS 6, 4, and 2, and as abrupt events (~1 kyr or less) during MIS 3. The three oceanographic regimes are consistent with micropalaeontological changes in the same cores based on foraminifera and diatoms.
The general trend of these hydrologic changes follows the long-term glacial/interglacial cycle, but the millennium scale variability is clearly related to Heinrich events and Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles. Strengthening of the upwelling corresponds probably to an intensification of the subtropical atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic which was influenced by the presence of continental ice sheets. However, extreme glacial conditions due to massive discharges of icebergs interrupted the upwelling. Interestingly, both terminations II and I coincided with strong but transient intensification of the upwelling.
International Marine Global Change Study (IMAGES)
Median Latitude: 39.190833 * Median Longitude: -10.013833 * South-bound Latitude: 37.799833 * West-bound Longitude: -10.166500 * North-bound Latitude: 40.581833 * East-bound Longitude: -9.861167
Date/Time Start: 1995-07-07T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-07-09T00:00:00
MD95-2040 (MD952040) * Latitude: 40.581833 * Longitude: -9.861167 * Date/Time: 1995-07-07T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2465.0 m * Recovery: 35 m * Location: Porto Seamount * Campaign: MD101 (IMAGES I) * Basis: Marion Dufresne (1995) * Method/Device: Calypso Corer (CALYPSO) * Comment: XXIV Sections, core bent; section IIb jamed in the bent part of the core, recuperated in 1/2 liner
MD95-2042 (MD952042) * Latitude: 37.799833 * Longitude: -10.166500 * Date/Time: 1995-07-09T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3146.0 m * Recovery: 40 m * Location: Marge Ibérique * Campaign: MD101 (IMAGES I) * Basis: Marion Dufresne (1995) * Method/Device: Calypso Corer (CALYPSO) * Comment: XXVII Sections, OK; core bent
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