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Al-Rousan, Saber; Al-Moghrabi, Salim M; Pätzold, Jürgen; Wefer, Gerold (2003): Stable oxygen isotope record of corales from the Red Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.736097, Supplement to: Al-Rousan, S et al. (2003): Stable oxygen isotopes in Porites corals monitor weekly temperature variations in the northern Gulf of Aqaba, Red Sea. Coral Reefs, 22(4), 346-356, https://doi.org/10.1007/s00338-003-0321-6

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Abstract:
In order to assess the ability of Porites corals to accurately record environmental variations, high-resolution (weekly/biweekly) coral delta18O records were obtained from four coral colonies from the northern Gulf of Aqaba, which grew at depths of 7, 19, 29, and 42 m along one transect. Adjacent to each colony, hourly temperatures, biweekly salinities, and monthly delta18O of seawater were continuously recorded over a period of 14 months (April 1999 to June 2000). Contrary to water temperature, which shows a regular and strong seasonal variation and change with depth, seawater delta18O exhibits a weak seasonality and little change with depth. Positive correlations between seawater delta18O and salinity were observed. The two parameters were related to each other by the equation delta18O Seawater (per mil, VSMOW) = 0.281 * Salinity - 9.14. The high-resolution coral delta18O records from this study show a regular pattern of seasonality and are able to capture fine details of the weekly average temperature records. They resolve more than 95% of the weekly average temperature range. On the other hand, attenuation and amplification of coral seasonal amplitudes were recorded in deep, slow-growing corals, which were not related to environmental effects (temperature and/or seawater delta18O) or sampling resolution. We propose that these result from a combined effect of subannual variations in extension rate and variable rates of spine thickening of skeletal structures within the tissue layer. However, no smoothing or distortion of the isotopic signals was observed due to calcification within the tissue layer in shallow-water, fast-growing corals. The calculations from coral delta18O calibrations against the in situ measurements show that temperature (T) is related to coral delta18O (delta c) and seawater delta18O (delta w) by the equation T (°C) = -5.38 (delta c - delta w) -1.08. Our results demonstrate that coral delta18O from the northern Gulf of Aqaba is a reliable recorder of temperature variations, and that there is a minor contribution of seawater delta18O to this proxy, which could be ignored.
Related to:
Al-Rousan, Saber (2002): Ocean and climate history recorded in stable isotopes of corals and foraminifers from the northern Gulf of Aqaba. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 200, 116 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00103060-11
Project(s):
Red Sea Program on marine sciences (RSP)
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 29.451205 * Median Longitude: 35.419231 * South-bound Latitude: 29.450000 * West-bound Longitude: 34.975000 * North-bound Latitude: 29.457830 * East-bound Longitude: 35.500000
Date/Time Start: 1999-01-06T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2000-06-25T00:00:00
Event(s):
Aq-19/3 * Latitude: 29.450000 * Longitude: 35.500000 * Date/Time: 1999-04-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -19.0 m * Location: Red Sea/Gulf of Aqaba * Campaign: Aqaba96_00 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Sampling by diver (DIVER) * Comment: collected by a scuba diving by S. Al-Rousan, in front of the Marine Science Station in Aqaba/Jordan / a column of Porites cf. lutea colony was collected
Aq-19/4 * Latitude: 29.450000 * Longitude: 35.500000 * Date/Time: 1999-04-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -19.0 m * Location: Red Sea/Gulf of Aqaba * Campaign: Aqaba96_00 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Sampling by diver (DIVER) * Comment: collected by a scuba diving by S. Al-Rousan, in front of the Marine Science Station in Aqaba/Jordan / a column of Porites cf. lutea colony was collected
Aq-19A * Latitude: 29.457830 * Longitude: 34.975000 * Date/Time: 1999-04-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: -19.0 m * Location: Red Sea/Gulf of Aqaba * Campaign: Aqaba96_00 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Sampling by diver (DIVER) * Comment: collected by a scuba diving by S. Al-Rousan, in front of the Marine Science Station in Aqaba/Jordan / a column of Porites cf. lutea colony was collected
Size:
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