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Gröger, M; Henrich, Rüdiger; Bickert, Torsten (2003): Silt grain-size analysis of ODP holes from the western equatorial Atlantic. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Gröger, M et al. (2003): Glacial-interglacial variability in lower North Atlantic deep water: inference from silt grain-size analysis and carbonate preservation in the western equatorial Atlantic. Marine Geology, 201(4), 321-332,

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Grain-size records of the terrigenous and calcareous silt fraction, preservation of planktic foraminifera, and benthic foraminiferal stable-isotope data (delta13C, delta18O values of C. wuellerstorfi) at ODP Site 927 on the Ceará Rise (5°27.7'N, 44°28.8'W), are used to reconstruct variations in the history of bottom current strength, ventilation, and carbonate corrosiveness of deep waters during the time interval from 0.8 to 0.3 Ma. Glacial periods are characterized by generally smaller mean sizes of the terrigenous sortable silt fraction (mean(SS)), lower delta13C values, and poorer preservation of planktic foraminifera compared to interglacials. This indicates lower bottom current speeds, larger nutrient contents and more corrosive deep water. By contrast, larger mean(SS) sizes, higher delta13C values, and well preserved planktic foraminifera indicate strong circulation and a well ventilated deep-water mass during interglacials. The observed changes are most likely related to the weakening and strengthening of circulation of Lower North Atlantic Deep Water (LNADW). Cross-spectral analysis between the mean(SS) and benthic delta18O records reveals that minima in mean(SS) occur about 7.6 k.y. after the maximum in ice volume. This indicates a considerable lag time between ice-shield induced changes in LNADW production and subsequent changes in the velocity of LNADW flow in the western equatorial Atlantic. Striking changes in bottom current speed occur regularly during glacial to interglacial transitions. Extremely fine mean(SS) minima point to an almost complete shutdown of bottom current vigor in response to a cessation of LNADW production caused by an enhanced melt water release during the initial phases of deglaciation. However, each of the fine minima extremes is followed by a rapid shift to very high mean(SS) values that indicate strong bottom currents, and hence, vigorous LNADW flow during the early interglacials. After the onset of glacial Stage 12, generally poorer carbonate preservation and higher variability is registered. This coincides with a global decrease in carbonate preservation during the mid-Brunhes (mid-Brunhes dissolution event). Detailed grain-size analysis of the calcareous fine fraction (<63 µm) revealed a considerable reduction of particles in the fraction from 7 to 63 µm during periods of enhanced dissolution. This indicates a preferential dissolution of larger planktic foraminiferal fragments which leads to an enrichment of coccoliths in the calcareous fine fraction.
Related to:
Gröger, M (2002): Deep-water circulation in the western equatorial Atlantic: inferences from carbonate preservation studies and silt grain-size analysis. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 195, 95 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-00103059-12
Median Latitude: 5.719435 * Median Longitude: -44.110200 * South-bound Latitude: 5.462660 * West-bound Longitude: -44.480500 * North-bound Latitude: 5.976210 * East-bound Longitude: -43.739900
Date/Time Start: 1994-02-28T06:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-03-12T20:00:00
154-927A * Latitude: 5.462660 * Longitude: -44.480500 * Date/Time Start: 1994-02-28T06:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-03-01T15:54:00 * Elevation: -3325.0 m * Penetration: 312.5 m * Recovery: 315.79 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg154 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 33 cores; 312.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 101.1 % recovery
154-929A * Latitude: 5.976210 * Longitude: -43.739900 * Date/Time Start: 1994-03-10T05:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-03-12T20:00:00 * Elevation: -4369.0 m * Penetration: 527.5 m * Recovery: 470.96 m * Location: North Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg154 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 56 cores; 527.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 89.3 % recovery
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  1. Gröger, M; Henrich, R; Bickert, T (2003): Silt grain-size analysis of ODP Hole 154-927A.
  2. Gröger, M; Henrich, R; Bickert, T (2003): Silt grain-size analysis of ODP Hole 154-929A.