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De Pol-Holz, Ricardo; Keigwin, Lloyd D; Southon, John R; Hebbeln, Dierk; Mohtadi, Mahyar (2010): (Table S1) Radiocarbon data of sediment core SO161/5 22SL. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.735788, Supplement to: De Pol-Holz, R et al. (2010): No signature of abyssal carbon in intermediate waters off Chile during deglaciaition. Nature Geoscience, 3(3), 192-195, https://doi.org/10.1038/ngeo745

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Abstract:
At the end of the Last Glacial Maximum (19,000 to 11,000 years ago), atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations rose while the Delta14C of atmospheric carbon dioxide declined**1, 2. These changes have been attributed to an injection of carbon dioxide with low radiocarbon activity from an oceanic abyssal reservoir that was isolated from the atmosphere for several thousand years before deglaciation**3. The current understanding points to the Southern Ocean as the main area of exchange between these reservoirs4. Intermediate water formed in the Southern Ocean surrounding Antarctica would have then carried the old carbon dioxide signature to the lower-latitude oceans**5, 6. Here we reconstruct the Delta14C signature of Antarctic Intermediate Water off the coast of Chile for the past 20,000 years, using paired 14C ages of benthic and planktonic foraminifera. In contrast to the above scenario, we find that the delta14C signature of the Antarctic Intermediate Water closely matches the modelled surface ocean Delta14C, precluding the influence of an old carbon source. We suggest that if the abyssal ocean is indeed the source of the radiocarbon-depleted carbon dioxide, an alternative path for the mixing and propagation of its carbon dioxide may be required to explain the observed changes in atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration and radiocarbon activity.
Coverage:
Latitude: -36.219333 * Longitude: -73.675000
Date/Time Start: 2001-12-31T13:43:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-12-31T13:45:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 2.53 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 8.83 m
Event(s):
SO161/5_22SL * Latitude: -36.219333 * Longitude: -73.675000 * Date/Time Start: 2001-12-31T13:43:00 * Date/Time End: 2001-12-31T13:45:00 * Elevation: -1001.0 m * Recovery: 8.94 m * Campaign: SO161/5 (SPOC) * Basis: Sonne * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
Comment:
UCIAMS-64329: The large error in this measurement is due to the very small sample size (15 µg C)
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Sample code/labelSample labelMohtadi, Mahyar
3Taxon/taxaTaxaMohtadi, Mahyar
4Age, datedAge datedkaMohtadi, MahyarAge, 14C AMS
5Age, dated standard deviationAge dated std dev±Mohtadi, Mahyar
6Calendar ageCal ageka BPMohtadi, Mahyar
7Calendar age, standard deviationCal age std dev±Mohtadi, Mahyar
8Δ14CΔ14CMohtadi, Mahyar
Size:
209 data points

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