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Kim, Jung-Hyun; Schneider, Ralph R; Hebbeln, Dierk; Müller, Peter J; Wefer, Gerold (2002): Sea-surface tempertaure reconstruction of sediment cores from the Southeast Pacific. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Kim, J-H et al. (2002): Last deglacial sea-surface temperature evolution in the Southeast Pacific compared to climate changes on the Sourth American continent. Quaternary Science Reviews, 21(18-19), 2085-2097,

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Applying the alkenone method, we estimated sea-surface temperatures (SSTs) for the past 33 kyr in two marine sediment cores recovered from the continental slope off mid-latitude Chile. The SST record shows an increase of 6.7°C from the last ice age (LIA) to the Holocene climatic optimum, while the temperature contrast between LIA and modern temperatures is only about 3.4°C. The timing and magnitude of the last deglacial warming in the ocean correspond to those observed in South American continental records. According to our SST record, the existence of a Younger Dryas equivalent cooling in the Southeast Pacific is much more uncertain than for the continental climate changes. A warming step of about 2.5°C observed between 8 and 7.5 cal kyr BP may have been linked to the early to mid-Holocene climatic transition (8.2-7.8 cal kyr BP), also described from equatorial Africa and Antarctica. In principal, variations in the latitudinal position of the Southern Pacific Westerlies are considered to be responsible for SST changes in the Peru-Chile current off mid-latitude Chile.
Related to:
Kim, Jung-Hyun (2001): Reconstruction of past sea-surface temperatures in the eastern south atlantic and the eastern south pacific across termination I based on the alkenone method. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 180, 114 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000103081
Median Latitude: -33.315622 * Median Longitude: -72.278599 * South-bound Latitude: -41.000000 * West-bound Longitude: -74.450000 * North-bound Latitude: -27.473333 * East-bound Longitude: -71.171667
Date/Time Start: 1992-06-12T08:35:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-06-07T00:00:00
GeoB3301-1 (SO101/3_1-1) * Latitude: -33.146667 * Longitude: -71.981667 * Date/Time: 1995-04-25T00:00:00 * Elevation: -969.0 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO101 (CONDOR-Ia) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC) * Comment: not released
GeoB3302-1 (SO101/3_2-1) * Latitude: -33.218333 * Longitude: -72.090000 * Date/Time: 1995-04-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1498.0 m * Recovery: 4.12 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO101 (CONDOR-Ia) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
GeoB3313-1 * Latitude: -41.000000 * Longitude: -74.450000 * Date/Time: 1995-05-12T00:00:00 * Elevation: -852.0 m * Recovery: 8.07 m * Location: South-East Pacific * Campaign: SO102/1 (CHIPAL) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
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