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Pfannkuche, Olaf; Sommer, Stefan; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentrations in surface sediments of the Arabian Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.735018, Supplement to: Pfannkuche, O et al. (2000): Coupling between phytodetritus and the small-sized benthic biota in the deep Arabian Sea: analyses of biogenic sediment compound. Deep Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 47(14), 2805-2833, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0967-0645(00)00050-3

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Abstract:
As part of the large-scale, interdisciplinary deep-sea study "BIGSET", the relationship between the monsoon-induced regional and temporal variability of POC deposition and the small-sized benthic community was investigated at several sites 2316-4420 m deep in the Arabian Sea during four cruises between 1995 and 1998. Vertical and horizontal distribution patterns of chloroplastic pigments (a measure of phytodetritus deposition), readily soluble protein and activity, and biomass parameters of the small-sized benthic community (Electron Transport System Activity (ETSA); bacterial ectoenzymatic activity (FDA turnover) and DNA concentrations) were measured concurrently with the vertical fluxes of POC and chloroplastic pigments. Sediment chlorophyll a (chl. a) profiles were used to calculate chl. a flux rates and to estimate POC flux across the sediment water interface using two different transport reaction models. These estimates were compared with corresponding flux rates determined in sediment traps. Regional variability of primary productivity and POC deposition at the deep-sea floor creates a trophic gradient in the Arabian Basin from the NW to the SE, which is primarily related to the activity of monsoon winds and processes associated with the topography of the Arabian Basin and the vicinity of land masses. Inventories of sediment chloroplastic pigments closely corresponded to this trophic gradient. For ETSA, FDA and DNA, however, no clear coupling was found, although stations WAST (western Arabian Sea) and NAST (northern Arabian Sea) were characterised by high concentrations and activities. These parameters exhibited high spatial and temporal variability, making it impossible to recognise clear mechanisms controlling temporal and spatial community patterns of the small-sized benthic biota. Nevertheless, the entire Arabian Basin was recognised as being affected by monsoonal activity. Comparison of two different transport reaction models indicates that labile chl. a buried in deeper sediment layers may escape rapid degradation in Arabian deep-sea sediments.
Funding:
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), grant/award no. 03F0177A: Biogeochemical Fluxes of Matter and Energy in the Deep Sea
Federal Ministry of Education and Research (BMBF), grant/award no. 03F0273A: Biogeochemical Fluxes of Matter and Energy in the Deep Sea
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 15.259842 * Median Longitude: 62.764424 * South-bound Latitude: 9.994000 * West-bound Longitude: 54.370833 * North-bound Latitude: 20.000333 * East-bound Longitude: 68.600500
Date/Time Start: 1995-03-08T18:35:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-02-17T07:07:00
Event(s):
M31/3_MC-02 (M31/3-108_MC1/1, 108) * Latitude: 14.970500 * Longitude: 54.370833 * Date/Time: 1995-03-08T18:35:00 * Elevation: -2315.0 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: M31/3 (BIGSET) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
M31/3_MC-05 (109, M31/3-109_MC2) * Latitude: 15.826000 * Longitude: 56.993833 * Date/Time: 1995-03-10T09:25:00 * Elevation: -3520.0 m * Location: Arabian Sea * Campaign: M31/3 (BIGSET) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
M31/3_MC-07 (110#1, M31/3-110.1_MC2) * Latitude: 16.219167 * Longitude: 60.267333 * Date/Time: 1995-03-12T01:42:00 * Elevation: -4032.0 m * Location: Western Arabian Sediment Trap * Campaign: M31/3 (BIGSET) * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: MultiCorer (MUC)
Size:
57 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-07. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389060
  2. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-02. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389058
  3. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-05. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389059
  4. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-10. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389061
  5. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-12. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389062
  6. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-15. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389063
  7. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M31/3_MC-17. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389064
  8. Pfannkuche, O (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-01. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96242
  9. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-04. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96241
  10. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-06. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96243
  11. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96244
  12. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-10. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96245
  13. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-12. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96246
  14. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-16. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96247
  15. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-18. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96248
  16. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-21. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96249
  17. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96250
  18. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-24. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96251
  19. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-26. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96252
  20. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-29. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96253
  21. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-31. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96254
  22. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core M33/1_MC-34. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.96255
  23. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-07. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385516
  24. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385517
  25. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-09. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385518
  26. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-10. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385519
  27. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-12. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385520
  28. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-14. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385521
  29. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-19. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385522
  30. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-20. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385523
  31. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-22. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385524
  32. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-24. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385525
  33. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-27. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385526
  34. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-30. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385527
  35. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-33. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385528
  36. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-35. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385529
  37. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-37. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385530
  38. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-39. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385531
  39. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-43. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385532
  40. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-44. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385533
  41. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-45. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385534
  42. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-47. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385535
  43. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-48. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385536
  44. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO118_MC-50. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385537
  45. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2006): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-01. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385538
  46. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-04. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385539
  47. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-06. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385540
  48. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-08. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385541
  49. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-10. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385542
  50. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-11. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385543
  51. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-13. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385544
  52. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-15. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385545
  53. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-17. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385546
  54. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-18. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385547
  55. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-20. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385548
  56. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-21. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385549
  57. Pfannkuche, O; Sommer, S; Kähler, A (2000): Pigment concentration in surface sediment core SO129_MC-23. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.385550