Not logged in
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

van Kreveld, Shirley A; Sarnthein, Michael; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Jung, Simon J A; Pflaumann, Uwe; Voelker, Antje H L (2000): Age determination and stable isotope record of foraminifera of sediment core SO82_5-2. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: van Kreveld, SA et al. (2000): Potential links between surging ice sheets, circulation changes, and the Dansgaard-Oeschger cycles in the Irminger Sea, 60-18 kyr. Paleoceanography, 15(4), 425-442,

Always quote citation above when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Surface and deepwater paleoclimate records in Irminger Sea core SO82-5 (59°N, 31°W) and Icelandic Sea core PS2644 (68°N, 22°W) exhibit large fluctuations in thermohaline circulation (THC) from 60 to 18 calendar kyr B.P., with a dominant periodicity of 1460 years from 46 to 22 calendar kyr B.P., matching the Dansgaard-Oeschger (D-O) cycles in the Greenland Ice Sheet Project 2 (GISP2) temperature record [Grootes and Stuiver, 1997, doi:10.1029/97JC00880]. During interstadials, summer sea surface temperatures (SSTsu) in the Irminger Sea averaged to 8°C, and sea surface salinities (SSS) averaged to ~36.5, recording a strong Irminger Current and Atlantic THC. During stadials, SSTsu dropped to 2°-4°C, in phase with SSS drops by ~1-2. They reveal major meltwater injections along with the East Greenland Current, which turned off the North Atlantic deepwater convection and hence the heat advection to the north, in harmony with various ocean circulation and ice models. On the basis of the IRD composition, icebergs came from Iceland, east Greenland, and perhaps Svalbard and other northern ice sheets. However, the southward drifting icebergs were initially jammed in the Denmark Strait, reaching the Irminger Sea only with a lag of 155-195 years. We also conclude that the abrupt stadial terminations, the D-O warming events, were tied to iceberg melt via abundant seasonal sea ice and brine water formation in the meltwater-covered northwestern North Atlantic. In the 1/1460-year frequency band, benthic ?18O brine water spikes led the temperature maxima above Greenland and in the Irminger Sea by as little as 95 years. Thus abundant brine formation, which was induced by seasonal freezing of large parts of the northwestern Atlantic, may have finally entrained a current of warm surface water from the subtropics and thereby triggered the sudden reactivation of the THC. In summary, the internal dynamics of the east Greenland ice sheet may have formed the ultimate pacemaker of D-O cycles.
Related to:
Sarnthein, Michael; Stattegger, Karl; Dreger, Derek; Erlenkeuser, Helmut; Grootes, Pieter Meiert; Haupt, Bernd Joachim; Jung, Simon J A; Kiefer, Thorsten; Kuhnt, Wolfgang; Pflaumann, Uwe; Schäfer-Neth, Christian; Schulz, Hartmut; Schulz, Michael; Seidov, Dan; Simstich, Johannes; van Kreveld, Shirley A; Vogelsang, Elke; Voelker, Antje H L; Weinelt, Mara (2001): Fundamental modes and abrupt changes in North Atlantic circulation and climate over the last 60 ky - concepts, reconstruction and numerical modeling. In: Schäfer, W; Ritzrau, M; Schlüter & J. Thiede (eds.) The Northern North Atlantic: A Changing Environment, Springer Verlag, Berlin, 500 pp, 365-410,
Latitude: 59.186167 * Longitude: -30.904833
Date/Time Start: 1992-10-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1992-10-21T00:00:00
SO82_5-2 * Latitude: 59.186167 * Longitude: -30.904833 * Date/Time: 1992-10-21T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1416.0 m * Campaign: SO82 (REYKJANES-RÜCKEN) * Basis: Sonne * Method/Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
3 datasets

Download Data

Download ZIP file containing all datasets as tab-delimited text — use the following character encoding: