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Franke, Christine (2010): Magnetic extracts of three gravity cores located at the Ceará Rise, the Mid-Atlantic Ridge and the Sierra Leone Rise. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Franke, Christine; von Dobeneck, Tilo; Drury, Martyn R; Meeldijk, Johannes D; Dekkers, Mark J (2007): Magnetic petrology of equatorial Atlantic sediments: Electron microscopy results and their implications for environmental magnetic interpretation. Paleoceanography, 22, PA4207,

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The magnetic microparticle and nanoparticle inventories of marine sediments from equatorial Atlantic sites were investigated by scanning and transmission electron microscopy to classify all present detrital and authigenic magnetic mineral species and to investigate their regional distribution, origin, transport, and preservation. This information is used to establish source-to-sink relations and to constrain environmental magnetic proxy interpretations for this area. Magnetic extracts were prepared from sediments of three supralysoclinal open ocean gravity cores located at the Ceará Rise (GeoB 1523-1; 3°49.9'N/41°37.3'W), the Mid-Atlantic Ridge (GeoB 4313-2; 4°02.8'N/33°26.3'W), and the Sierra Leone Rise (GeoB 2910-1; 4°50.7'N/21°03.2'W). Sediments from two depths corresponding to marine isotope stages 4 and 5.5 were processed. This selection represents glacial and interglacial conditions of sedimentation for the western, central, and eastern equatorial Atlantic and avoids interferences from subsurface and anoxic processes. Crystallographic, elemental, morphological, and granulometric data of more than 2000 magnetic particles were collected by scanning and transmission electron microscopy. On basis of these properties, nine particle classes could be defined: detrital magnetite, titanomagnetite (fragmental and euhedral), titanomagnetite-hemoilmentite intergrowths, silicates with magnetic inclusions, microcrystalline hematite, magnetite spherules, bacterial magnetite, goethite needles, and nanoparticle clusters. Each class can be associated with fluvial, eolian, subaeric, and submarine volcanic, biogenic, or chemogenic sources. Large-scale sedimentation patterns are delineated as well: detrital magnetite is typical of Amazon discharge, fragmental titanomagnetite is a submarine weathering product of mid-ocean ridge basalts, and titanomagnetite-hemoilmenite intergrowths are common magnetic particles in West African dust. This clear regionalization underlines that magnetic petrology is an excellent indicator of source-to-sink relations. Hematite encrustations, magnetic spherules, and nanoparticle clusters were found at all investigated sites, while bacterial magnetite and authigenic hematite were only detected at the more oxic western site. At the eastern site, surface pits and crevices were seen on the crystal faces indicating subtle early diagenetic reductive dissolution. It was observed that paleoclimatic signatures of magnetogranulometric parameters such as the ratio of anhysteretic and isothermal remanent magnetizations can be formed either by mixing of multiple sources with separate, relatively narrow grain size ranges (western site) or by variable sorting of a single source with a broad grain size distribution (eastern site). Hematite, goethite, and possibly ferrihydrite nanoparticles occur in all sediment cores studied and have either high-coercive or superparamagnetic properties depending on their partly ultrafine grain sizes. These two magnetic fractions are generally discussed as separate fractions, but we suggest that they could actually be genetically linked.
Median Latitude: 4.241111 * Median Longitude: -32.037778 * South-bound Latitude: 3.831667 * West-bound Longitude: -41.621667 * North-bound Latitude: 4.845000 * East-bound Longitude: -21.053333
Date/Time Start: 1991-05-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-02-16T02:53:00
GeoB1523-1 * Latitude: 3.831667 * Longitude: -41.621667 * Date/Time: 1991-05-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3292.0 m * Recovery: 6.65 m * Location: Amazon Fan * Campaign: M16/2 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
GeoB2910-1 * Latitude: 4.845000 * Longitude: -21.053333 * Date/Time: 1994-08-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2703.0 m * Location: Sierra Leone Rise * Campaign: M29/3 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: Geochemistry
GeoB4313-2 * Latitude: 4.046667 * Longitude: -33.438333 * Date/Time: 1997-02-16T02:53:00 * Elevation: -3178.0 m * Recovery: 8.98 m * Location: Midatlantic Ridge * Campaign: M38/1 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: CC: gray stiff clay, forams
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