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Wright, James D; Miller, Kenneth G; Fairbanks, Richard G (1991): Stable isotope record of Cibicidoides spp. from Late Miocene sediments of the Southern Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.733982, Supplement to: Wright, JD et al. (1991): Evolution of modern deepwater circulation: evidence from the Late Miocene southern ocean. Paleoceanography, 6(2), 275-290, https://doi.org/10.1029/90PA02498

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Abstract:
Deepwater circulation plays an important role in climate modulation through its redistribution of heat and salt and its control of atmospheric CO2. Oppo and Fairbanks (1987, doi:10.1016/0012-821X(87)90183-X) showed that the Southern Ocean is an excellent monitor of deepwater circulation changes for two reasons: (1) the Southern Ocean is a mixing reservoir for incoming North Atlantic Deep Water and recirculated water from the Pacific and Indian oceans; and (2) the nutrient/delta13C tracers of deepwater are not significantly changed by surficial processes within the Southern Ocean. We can extend these principles to the late Miocene because tectonic changes in the Oligocene and early and middle Miocene developed near-modern basinal configurations. However, on these time scales, changes in the oceanic carbon reservoir and mean ocean nutrient levels also affect the delta13C differences between ocean basins. From 9.8 to 9.3 Ma, Southern Ocean delta13C values oscillated between high North Atlantic values and low Pacific values. The Southern Ocean recorded delta13C values similar to Pacific values from 9.2 to 8.9 Ma, reflecting a low contribution of Northern Component Water (NCW). The delta13C differences between the NCW and Pacific Outflow Water (POW) end-members were low from 8.9 to 8.0 Ma, making it difficult to discern circulation patterns. NCW production may have completely shutdown at 8.6 Ma, allowing Southern Component Water (SCW) to fill the North Atlantic and causing the delta13C values in the North Atlantic, Pacific, and Southern oceans to converge. Deepwater delta13C patterns resembling the modern distributions evolved by 7.0 Ma: delta13C values were near 1.0 per mil in the North Atlantic; 0.0 per mil in the Pacific; and 0.5 per mil in the Southern Ocean. Development of near-modern delta13C distributions by 7.0 Ma resulted not only from an increase in NCW flux but also from an increase in deepwater nutrient levels. Both of these processes increased the delta13C difference between the North Atlantic and Pacific oceans. Deepwater circulation patterns similar to today's operated as early as 9.8 Ma, but were masked by the lower nutrient/delta13C differences. During the late Miocene, 'interglacial' intervals prevailed during intervals of NCW production, while 'glacial' intervals occurred during low NCW production.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -1.561725 * Median Longitude: -10.334450 * South-bound Latitude: -46.880000 * West-bound Longitude: -43.767300 * North-bound Latitude: 42.836700 * East-bound Longitude: 18.096500
Date/Time Start: 1974-12-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-05-03T10:14:00
Event(s):
114-704B * Latitude: -46.880000 * Longitude: 7.420500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-04-26T06:45:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-05-03T10:14:00 * Elevation: -2541.0 m * Penetration: 671.7 m * Recovery: 502.75 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg114 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 72 cores; 671.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 74.8 % recovery
40-360 * Latitude: -35.845800 * Longitude: 18.096500 * Date/Time: 1974-12-21T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2949.0 m * Penetration: 839.5 m * Recovery: 276 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: Leg40 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 50 cores; 475 m cored; 0 m drilled; 58.1 % recovery
82-563 * Latitude: 33.642200 * Longitude: -43.767300 * Date/Time: 1981-10-24T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3786.0 m * Penetration: 382.5 m * Recovery: 186.9 m * Location: North Atlantic/RIDGE * Campaign: Leg82 * Basis: Glomar Challenger * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 24 cores; 216.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 86.3 % recovery
Size:
4 datasets

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