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Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

DeMaster, David J; Cochran, James R (1982): Lead 210 and silicate profiles from sediments of the equatorial Pacific and South Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.733921, Supplement to: DeMaster, DJ; Cochran, JR (1982): Particle mixing rates in deep-sea sediments determined from excess 210Pb and 32Si profiles. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 61(2), 257-271, https://doi.org/10.1016/0012-821X(82)90057-7

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Abstract:
Particle mixing rates have been determined for 5 South Atlantic/Antarctic and 3 equatorial Pacific deep-sea cores using excess 210Pb and 32Si measurements. Radionuclide profiles from these siliceous, calcareous, and clay-rich sediments have been evaluated using a steady state vertical advection diffusion model. In Antarctic siliceous sediments210Pb mixing coefficients (0.04-0.16 cm**2/y) are in reasonable agreement with the 32Si mixing coefficient (0.2 or 0.4 cm**2/y, depending on 32Si half-life). In an equatorial Pacific sediment core, however, the 210Pb mixing coefficient (0.22 cm**2/y) is 3-7 times greater than the 32Si mixing coefficient (0.03 or 0.07 cm**2/y). The difference in 210Pb and 32Si mixing rates in the Pacific sediments results from: (1) non-steady state mixing and differences in characteristic time and depth scales of the two radionuclides, (2) preferential mixing of fine-grained clay particles containing most of the 210Pb activity relative to coarser particles (large radiolaria) containing the 32Si activity, or (3) the supply of 222Rn from the bottom of manganese nodules which increases the measured excess 210Pb activity (relative to 226Ra) at depth and artificially increases the 210Pb mixing coefficient. Based on 32Si data and pore water silica profiles, dissolution of biogenic silica in the sediment column appears to have a minor effect on the 32Si profile in the mixed layer. Deep-sea particle mixing rates reported in this study and the literature do not correlate with sediment type, sediment accumulation rate, or surface productivity. Based on differences in mixing rate among three Antarctic cores collected within 50 km of each other, local variability in the intensity of deep-sea mixing appears to be as important as regional differences in sediment properties.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -21.852233 * Median Longitude: -39.262879 * South-bound Latitude: -66.783333 * West-bound Longitude: -151.183333 * North-bound Latitude: 15.333333 * East-bound Longitude: 35.900000
Event(s):
A47-16 * Latitude: 9.033333 * Longitude: -151.183333 * Elevation: -5050.0 m * Method/Device: Box corer (BC)
AII76-12 * Latitude Start: -66.783333 * Longitude: 30.133333 * Elevation: -4080.0 m * Location: South Atlantic * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
AII76-16 * Latitude: -53.000000 * Longitude: 35.633330 * Elevation: -4340.0 m * Method/Device: Gravity corer (GC)
Size:
10 datasets

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