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Moore, Theodore C; Shackleton, Nicholas J; Pisias, Nicklas G (1993): Radiolarian events in the eastern Equatorial Pacific. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.730419, Supplement to: Moore, TC et al. (1993): Paleoceanography and the diachrony of radiolarian events in the eastern equatorial Pacific. Paleoceanography, 8(5), 567-586, https://doi.org/10.1029/93PA01328

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Abstract:
The development of an orbitally tuned time scale for the ODP leg 138 sites provides biostratigraphers a very high resolution chronostratigraphic framework. With this framework we are better able to define which of the first and last appearances of species appear to be synchronous. In addition, the geographic distribution of sites provides the means with which the detailed spatial patterns of invasion of new species and the extinction of older species can be mapped. These maps not only provide information on the process of evolution, migration, and extinction, they can also be related to water mass distributions and near-surface circulation of the ocean. Of 39 radiolarian events studied at 11 sites in the eastern equatorial Pacific, 28 were found to have a minimum range in their estimated age that exceeded 0.15 m.y. The temporal pattern of first and last appearances of these diachronous events have coherent spatial patterns that indicate shifts in the areas of high oceanographic gradients over the past 10 Ma. These changes in the locations of high gradient regions suggest that the South Equatorial Current (SEC) was north of its present position prior to approximately 7 Ma. There was a southward shift in the northern boundary of this current between approximately 6 and 7 Ma, and the development of a relatively strong gradient between the northeastern and northwestern sites. Between approximately 3.7 and 3.4 Ma, there was a very slight northward shift in the northern boundary of the SEC and the steep gradients between the northeastern and northwestern sites may have disappeared. This change is thought to be associated with the closing of the Isthmus of Panama. The temporal-spatial patterns of diachronous events younger than 3.4 Ma are consistent with patterns of circulation in the modern ocean.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 3.598742 * Median Longitude: -103.883836 * South-bound Latitude: -3.095000 * West-bound Longitude: -110.571633 * North-bound Latitude: 11.223867 * East-bound Longitude: -90.480767
Date/Time Start: 1991-05-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-09-07T00:00:00
Event(s):
138-844 * Latitude: 7.921317 * Longitude: -90.480767 * Date/Time Start: 1991-05-08T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-05-12T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3414.5 m * Penetration: 514 m * Recovery: 499.3 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg138 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 52 cores; 490 m cored; 0 m drilled; 101.9% recovery
138-845 * Latitude: 9.582583 * Longitude: -94.590033 * Date/Time Start: 1991-05-13T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-05-17T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3704.2 m * Penetration: 542.7 m * Recovery: 516.3 m * Location: North Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg138 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 55 cores; 519.6 m cored; 0 m drilled; 99.4% recovery
138-846 * Latitude: -3.095000 * Longitude: -90.818330 * Date/Time Start: 1991-05-21T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-05-26T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3296.0 m * Penetration: 871.5 m * Recovery: 821.61 m * Location: South Pacific Ocean * Campaign: Leg138 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 92 cores; 865.5 m cored; 0 m drilled; 94.9 % recovery
Size:
11 datasets

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