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Conradsen, Keld; Heier-Nielsen, Susanne (1995): Age determination of sediment cores from the Skagerrak. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Conradsen, K; Heier-Nielsen, S (1995): Holocene paleoceanography and paleoenvironments of the Skagerrak-Kattegat, Scandinavia. Paleoceanography, 10(4), 801-814,

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Paleoceanographic and paleoenvironmental interpretations based on foraminifera, sedimentary data, radiocarbon dates, and stable isotope measurements were derived from two sections in the Skagerrak: a 115-m-thick Holocene marine section drilled onshore at Skagen near the northernmost tip of Jutland, Denmark, and a 9-m piston core from the Skagerrak, north of Skagen. The foraminiferal data show that arctic-subarctic environments in the deep Skagerrak-Kattegat area were succeeded by boreal conditions at 9.6 ka. This was a result of northward migration of the Atlantic polar front and inflow of warm Atlantic water into the area through the Norwegian Channel. A gradual warming of the water masses after 9.6 ka is indicated by the data. Rare foraminifera and high sedimentation rates are found between approximately 8.6 ka and 7.6 ka at both core locations. The modern foraminiferal assemblages of the area were fully established at 7.6 ka indicating that the modern circulation pattern in the Skagerrak-Kattegat after the opening of the English Channel and the Danish Straits was not established before this date. At 5.5 ka a sudden change to coarser sediments (higher-energy environments) and the appearance of the foraminifer Eoeponidella laesoeensis is recorded in the Skagen core. This indicates a rapid change in the hydrography reflecting altered meteorological and hydrographic conditions in the Skagerrak-Kattegat, including a strengthening of the Jutland Current and increased inflow of North Sea water into the Kattegat. The event is interpreted as a response to cooling at the end of the Holocene climatic optimum in late Atlantic time and possibly reflects a rapid cooling event of North Atlantic surface water masses.
Median Latitude: 58.073917 * Median Longitude: 10.760083 * South-bound Latitude: 57.666667 * West-bound Longitude: 10.666667 * North-bound Latitude: 58.481167 * East-bound Longitude: 10.853500
PC10-04 * Latitude: 58.481167 * Longitude: 10.853500 * Elevation: -104.0 m * Recovery: 9.2 m * Location: Skagerrak * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC)
Skagen3/4 * Latitude: 57.666667 * Longitude: 10.666667 * Elevation: 1.0 m * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: onshore drillhole
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