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Sikes, Elisabeth L; Keigwin, Lloyd D (1994): Sea surface temperature estimation of sediment core 86014-12PC51. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Sikes, EL; Keigwin, LD (1994): Equatorial Atlantic sea surface temperature for the last 30 kyr: A comparison of Uk37, d18O and foraminiferal assemblage temperature estimates. Paleoceanography, 9(1), 31-46,

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A recently developed technique for determining past sea surface temperatures (SST), based on an analysis of the unsaturation ratio of long chain C37 methyl alkenones produced by Prymnesiophyceae phytoplankton (U37 k' ), has been applied to an upper Quaternary sediment core from the equatorial Atlantic. U37 k' temperature estimates were compared to those obtained from delta18O of the planktonic foraminifer Globigerinoides sacculifer and of planktonic foraminiferal assemblages for the last glacial cycle. The alkenone method showed 1.8°C cooling at the last glacial maximum, about 1/2 to 1/3 of the decrease shown by the isotopic method (6.3°C) and foraminiferal modern analogue technique estimates for the warm season (3.8°C). Warm season foraminiferal assemblage estimates based on transfer functions are out of phase with the other estimates, showing a 1.4°C drop at the last glacial maximum with an additional 0.9°C drop in the deglaciation. Increased alkenone abundances, total organic carbon percentage and foraminiferal accumulation rates in the last glaciation indicate an increase in productivity of as much as 4 times over present day. These changes are thought to be due to increased upwelling caused by enhanced winds during the glaciation. If U37 k' estimates are correct, as much as 50-70% (up to 4.5°C) of estimated delta18O and modern analogue temperature changes in the last glaciation may have been due to changes in thermocline depth, whereas transfer functions seem more strongly influenced by seasonality changes. This indicates these estimates may be influenced as strongly by other factors as they are by SST, which in the equatorial Atlantic was only reduced slightly in the last glaciation.
Latitude: 0.004167 * Longitude: -22.998167
86014-12PC51 * Latitude: 0.004167 * Longitude: -22.998167 * Elevation: -3870.0 m * Location: Equatorial Atlantic * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC)
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