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Elsig, Joachim; Schmitt, Jochen; Leuenberger, Daiana; Schneider, Robert; Eyer, Marc; Leuenberger, Markus Christian; Joos, Fortunat; Fischer, Hubertus; Stocker, Thomas F (2009): Carbon isotopic record of CO2 from the Holocene of the Dome C ice core. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Elsig, J et al. (2009): Stable isotope constraints on Holocene carbon cycle changes from an Antarctic ice core. Nature, 461, 507-510,

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Reconstructions of atmospheric CO2 concentrations based on Antarctic ice cores reveal significant changes during the Holocene epoch, but the processes responsible for these changes in CO2 concentrations have not been unambiguously identified. Distinct characteristics in the carbon isotope signatures of the major carbon reservoirs (ocean, biosphere, sediments and atmosphere) constrain variations in the CO2 fluxes between those reservoirs. Here we present a highly resolved atmospheric d13C record for the past 11,000 years from measurements on atmospheric CO2 trapped in an Antarctic ice core. From mass-balance inverse model calculations performed with a simplified carbon cycle model, we show that the decrease in atmospheric CO2 of about 5 parts per million by volume (p.p.m.v.) and the increase in d13C of about 0.25% during the early Holocene is most probably the result of a combination of carbon uptake of about 290 gigatonnes of carbon by the land biosphere and carbon release from the ocean in response to carbonate compensation of the terrestrial uptake during the termination of the last ice age. The 20 p.p.m.v. increase of atmospheric CO2 and the small decrease in d13C of about 0.05% during the later Holocene can mostly be explained by contributions from carbonate compensation of earlier land-biosphere uptake and coral reef formation, with only a minor contribution from a small decrease of the land-biosphere carbon inventory.
Fifth Framework Programme (FP5), grant/award no. EVK2-CT-2000-00077: European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica
Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), grant/award no. ENV4980702: European Project for Ice Coring in Antarctica
German Science Foundation (DFG), grant/award no. 25575884: Integrierte Analyse zwischeneiszeitlicher Klimadynamik
Latitude: -75.100000 * Longitude: 123.350000
Minimum DEPTH, ice/snow: 110.19 m * Maximum DEPTH, ice/snow: 409.64 m
EDC96 * Latitude: -75.100000 * Longitude: 123.350000 * Elevation: 3233.0 m * Location: Antarctica * Campaign: Dome C * Method/Device: Ice drill (ICEDRILL)
Dome C ice core covering 0 to 11 kyr BP. The air from polar ice-core samples of about 30g (AWI/Bern) and 5-6g (Bern) is extracted under vacuum with a sublimation methode or via mechanical cracking, respectively, and the extracted gas is then analysed for d13CO2 using gas chromatographic separation and isotopic analyses on two independet mass spectrometers. The mean d13CO2 analytical uncertainty of both methods (1-sigma) is 0.07 per mille.
The age scale used (in ka before 1950 AD) is EDC3 gas age scenario 4 (Loulergue et al., 2007,
Values marked via '/', are outlies, and have not been taken into account for deconvolution calculations. The outlier depths have been measured using both extraction methods and are very likley caused by an ice core break during the drilling (see further details).
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, ice/snowDepth ice/snowmGeocode
2AGEAgeka BPGeocode
3δ13C, carbon dioxide, atmosphericδ13C CO2‰ PDBElsig, Joachimcalculated average/mean valuescorrected for gravitational fractionation using d15N2 data
4δ13C, standard deviationδ13C std dev±Elsig, Joachim1-sigma uncertainty
5ReplicatesRepl#Elsig, Joachim
6Method commentMethod commElsig, Joachimextraction method (mechanical cracking or sublimation of the ice)
267 data points

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