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Wollenburg, Jutta E; Mackensen, Andreas (1998): Living benthic foraminifers from the central Arctic Ocean. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Wollenburg, JE; Mackensen, A (1998): Living benthic foraminifers from the central Arctic Ocean: faunal composition, standing stock and diversity. Marine Micropaleontology, 34(3-4), 153-185,

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Fifty short sediment cores collected with a multiple corer and five box cores from the central Arctic Ocean were analysed to study the ecology and distribution of benthic foraminifers. To work out living faunal associations, standing stock and diversity, separate analyses of living (Rose Bengal stained) and dead foraminifers were carried out for the sediment surface. The size fractions between 63 and 125 µm and >125 µm were counted separately to allow comparison with former Arctic studies and with studies from the adjacent Norwegian-Greenland Sea, Barents Sea and the North Atlantic Ocean. Benthic foraminiferal associations are mainly controlled by the availability of food, and competition for food, while water mass characteristics, bottom current activity, substrate composition, and water depth are of minor importance. Off Spitsbergen in seasonally ice-free areas, high primary production rates are reflected by high standing stocks, high diversities, and foraminiferal associations (>125 µm) that are similar to those of the Norwegian-Greenland Sea. Generally, in seasonally ice-free areas standing stock and diversity increase with increasing food supply. In the central Arctic Ocean, the oligotrophic permanently ice-covered areas are dominated by epibenthic species. The limited food availability is reflected by very low standing stocks and low diversities. Most of these foraminiferal associations do not correspond to those of the Norwegian-Greenland Sea. The dominant associations include simple agglutinated species such as Sorosphaerae, Placopsilinellae, Komokiacea and Aschemonellae, as well as small calcareous species such as Stetsonia horvathi and Epistominella arctica. Those of the foraminiferal species that usually thrive under seasonally ice-free conditions in middle bathyal to lower bathyal water depth are found under permanently ice-covered conditions in water depths about 1000 m shallower, if present at all.
Fourth Framework Programme (FP4), grant/award no. MAS3980185: Quaternary Environment of the Eurasian North
Median Latitude: 85.588009 * Median Longitude: 59.133608 * South-bound Latitude: 79.694800 * West-bound Longitude: -14.368700 * North-bound Latitude: 90.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 159.167000
Date/Time Start: 1991-07-08T18:59:00 * Date/Time End: 1993-08-21T00:00:00
PS2125-1 (PS19/091) * Latitude: 80.047833 * Longitude: 12.252500 * Date/Time: 1991-07-08T18:59:00 * Elevation: -94.0 m * Penetration: 0.3 m * Recovery: 0.3 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/2 (PS19 EPOS II) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG)
PS2125-2 (PS19/091) * Latitude: 80.047833 * Longitude: 12.254333 * Date/Time: 1991-07-08T19:18:00 * Elevation: -94.0 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/2 (PS19 EPOS II) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG)
PS2127-1 (PS19/094) * Latitude: 81.027833 * Longitude: 18.497500 * Date/Time: 1991-07-09T15:45:00 * Elevation: -195.0 m * Penetration: 0.15 m * Recovery: 0.15 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/2 (PS19 EPOS II) * Basis: Polarstern * Method/Device: Giant box corer (GKG)
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