Fahl, Kirsten; Stein, Ruediger (1999): Organic-geochemical bulk parameters and specific biomarkers of three sediment core from the Laptev Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.728661, Supplement to: Fahl, K; Stein, R (1999): Biomarkers as organic-carbon-source and environmental indicators in the Late Quaternary Arctic Ocean: Problems and Perspectives. Marine Chemistry, 63(3-4), 293-309, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0304-4203(98)00068-1
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In order to examine the variation in marine and terrigenous sources of the organic matter during the last 15,000 Cal. yr BP, hydrogen index values, C/N ratios, and specific biomolecules (short- and long-chain n-alkanes, short-chain fatty acids, sterols, alkenones, and pigments) were determined in three sediment cores from the Laptev Sea continental margin. The results show that the interpretation of the biomarker data is much more complicated and less definitive in comparison to similar data sets from low-latitude open-ocean environments. This is mainly caused by the complexity of the Arctic Ocean system, which is characterized by a high seasonality of sea-ice cover and primary productivity, sea-ice sediment transport and a high fluvial supply of freshwater (aquatic) organic matter. A combination of organic geochemical, organic petrographic and micropaleontological data may yield to a more precise identification of organic-carbon sources for these complex systems. On the Laptev Sea shelf (cores KD9502-14 and PS2725-5), terrigenous organic-carbon input controlled by river discharge seems to be predominant during the last about 10,000 Cal. yr BP. Maximum supply of terrigenous organic carbon was reached in the Early Holocene (i.e., about 9000-10,000 Cal. yr BP). Further offshore at the upper continental slope (core PS2458-4), a major change in organic-composition occurred near 10,000 Cal. yr BP. During this period hydrogen indices as well as the amounts of short-chain n-alkanes, short-chain fatty acids, dinosterol and brassicasterol significantly increased, indicating increased relative proportions of marine organic matter preserved in the later time interval.
Median Latitude: 78.065333 * Median Longitude: 139.783967 * South-bound Latitude: 76.192000 * West-bound Longitude: 133.116500 * North-bound Latitude: 78.656000 * East-bound Longitude: 144.135000
Date/Time Start: 1993-09-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-10-08T00:00:00
KD9502-14 * Latitude: 76.192000 * Longitude: 133.116500 * Date/Time: 1995-10-08T00:00:00 * Elevation: -46.0 m * Recovery: 2.3 m * Location: Laptev Sea * Campaign: Transdrift-III * Basis: Kapitan Dranitsyn * Device: Vibro Corer (VC) * Comment: recovery:230cm
PS2458-4 (PS27/038) * Latitude: 78.166667 * Longitude: 133.398333 * Date/Time: 1993-09-05T00:00:00 * Elevation: -983.0 m * Penetration: 8 m * Recovery: 8 m * Location: Laptev Sea * Campaign: ARK-IX/4 (PS27) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Kasten corer (KAL)
PS2725-5 (PS36/009) * Latitude: 78.656000 * Longitude: 144.135000 * Date/Time: 1995-07-29T00:00:00 * Elevation: -77.0 m * Recovery: 4.78 m * Location: Arctic Ocean * Campaign: ARK-XI/1 (PS36) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: 4 core sections: 0-0.78, 0.78-1.78, 1.78-2.78, 2.78-3.78 m