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Andreev, Andrei A; Schirrmeister, Lutz; Siegert, Christine; Bobrov, Anatoly A; Demske, Dieter; Seiffert, Maria; Hubberten, Hans-Wolfgang (2002): Pollen records of the Bykovsky Peninsula. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Andreev, AA et al. (2002): Paleoenvironmental changes in northeastern Siberia during the Late Quaternary - evidence from pollen records of the Bykovsky Peninsula. Polarforschung, 70, 13-25,

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New pollen and radiocarbon data from the Bykovsky Peninsula document the Late Pleistocene and Holocene environmental history of the Laptev Sea coast. More than 60 AMS-14C and conventional 14C dates indicate that the deposits accumulated during the last 60,000 radiocarbon yr BP. High concentration of green alga colonies (Pediustrum and Botryococcus) in the investigated sediment show that sedimentation was mostly in shallow water environments. Scarce grass and sedge communities dominated the vegetation 53-60 kyr BP. Climate was cold and dry. Open Poaceae and Cypcraccae associations with Asteraceae, Ranunculaceae, and Cichoriaceac, dominated in the area about 48-42.5 kyr BP. Steppic communities with Artemisia and shrubby tundra communities with Salix and Betula sect. Nanae were also present. Climate was dry, but relatively warm. Vegetation cover became denser about 42.5-33.5 kyr BP, reflecting more favorable climate conditions. Scarce Poaceae communities with some Caryophyllaceae, Asteraceae, Cichoriaceae, and Selaginella rupestris covered the Bykovsky Peninsula area during the Sartan (Late Weichselian) stage about 26-16 kyr BP. Disturbed, uncovered soils were very common in the area. Climate was extremely cold and dry. Poaceae and Cyperaceae associations with Caryophyllaceae, Asteraceae, Cichoriaceae dominated the vegetation in the late Sartan, ca 16-12.2 kyr BP. Climate was significantly warmer than in the early Sartan time. The lee Complex sedimentation was interrupted about 12 kyr BP; most likely it was connected with the beginning of the Allerod warnring. Shrubby (Betula sect. Nanae, Alnusfnuicosa, Salix, Ericales) tundra was widely distributed on the Bykovsky Peninsula during the early-middle Holacene. Climate was most favorable between 8200 and 4500 yr BP. Vegetation became similar to modern after 4500 yr BP, suggesting a deterioration of climate.
Median Latitude: 71.777587 * Median Longitude: 129.431926 * South-bound Latitude: 71.769500 * West-bound Longitude: 129.397800 * North-bound Latitude: 71.789733 * East-bound Longitude: 129.454660
Date/Time Start: 1998-07-31T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-08-09T00:00:00
MKh-1.6 * Latitude: 71.789733 * Longitude: 129.397850 * Date/Time: 1998-08-09T00:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Location: Mamontovy Khayata, Bykovsky Peninsula, Siberia * Campaign: RU-Land_1998_Lena (Lena-Delta1998) * Basis: AWI Arctic Land Expedition * Method/Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
MKh-161 * Latitude: 71.769500 * Longitude: 129.454660 * Location: Mamontovy Khayata, Bykovsky Peninsula, Siberia * Method/Device: Outcrop sample (OUTCROP) * Comment: Laptev sea coast; coastal and thermokarst erosion has created up to 40 m high coastal cliffs, trending NNW-SSE, and extending intermittently for about 2 km.
MKh-K1 * Latitude: 71.789700 * Longitude: 129.397800 * Date/Time: 1998-07-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Campaign: RU-Land_1998_Lena (Lena-Delta1998) * Basis: AWI Arctic Land Expedition * Method/Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
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