Baldauf, Jack G; Barron, John A (1991): Diatom biostratigraphy of the Kerguelen Plateau and Prydz Bay, Southern Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.728491, Supplement to: Baldauf, JG; Barron, JA (1991): Diatom biostratigraphy: Kerguelen Plateau and Prydz Bay regions of the Southern Ocean. In: Barron, J; Larsen, B; et al. (eds.), Proceedings of the Ocean Drilling Program, Scientific Results, College Station, TX (Ocean Drilling Program), 119, 547-598, https://doi.org/10.2973/odp.proc.sr.119.135.1991
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Samples were examined for diatoms from 22 holes at 11 sites cored by ODP Leg 119 on the Kerguelen Plateau and in Prydz Bay, East Antarctica. Diatoms were observed in Oligocene through Holocene sediments recovered from the Kerguelen Plateau. The diatom flora from the Kerguelen Plateau is characterized by species such as Azpeitia oligocenica, Rocella gelida, Rocella vigilans, and Synedra jouseana in the Oligocene and Crucidenticula nicobarica, Denticulopsis hustedtii, Nitzschia miocenica, and Thalassiosira miocenica in the Miocene. This somewhat cosmopolitan assemblage gives way to a Pliocene and Holocene assemblage characterized by species such as Nitzschia kerguelensis, Thalassiosira inura, and Thalassiosira torokina, which are endemic to the Southern Ocean region. Samples examined from Prydz Bay are generally devoid of diatoms. The exception is Site 739, where diatoms occur sporadically in lower Oligocene and upper Miocene through Quaternary sediments.
The Leg 119 diatom biostratigraphic results allow the development of a stratigraphic framework for the Indian sector of the Southern Ocean. This diatom zonation integrates diatom zonations developed previously for other sectors of the Southern Ocean. The zonation proposed here is based on biostratigraphic events of both geographically widespread and endemic species calibrated to the paleomagnetic stratigraphy. As such, this zonation has application throughout the Southern Ocean and allows correlation from the southern high latitudes to the low latitudes.
Median Latitude: -57.244214 * Median Longitude: 78.809057 * South-bound Latitude: -67.285000 * West-bound Longitude: 71.661500 * North-bound Latitude: -49.403000 * East-bound Longitude: 85.868200
Date/Time Start: 1987-12-26T02:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1988-02-12T18:00:00
119-736A * Latitude: -49.403000 * Longitude: 71.661500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-12-26T02:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-12-28T04:30:00 * Elevation: -640.0 m * Penetration: 252.3 m * Recovery: 147.05 m * Location: South Indian Ridge, South Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg119 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 30 cores; 250.3 m cored; 0 m drilled; 58.7 % recovery
119-736C * Latitude: -49.403000 * Longitude: 71.661500 * Date/Time Start: 1987-12-28T19:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-12-29T16:30:00 * Elevation: -640.0 m * Penetration: 371 m * Recovery: 77.31 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg119 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 17 cores; 164.1 m cored; 0 m drilled; 47.1 % recovery
119-737A * Latitude: -50.228000 * Longitude: 73.032400 * Date/Time Start: 1987-12-30T04:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1987-12-31T17:15:00 * Elevation: -575.0 m * Penetration: 273.2 m * Recovery: 181.64 m * Location: Indian Ocean * Campaign: Leg119 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 29 cores; 273.2 m cored; 0 m drilled; 66.5 % recovery