Mackensen, Andreas; Rudolph, Miriam; Kuhn, Gerhard (2001): Stable isotope ratios, carbon content and primary production of three sediment cores from the subantarctic eastern Atlantic. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.728242, Supplement to: Mackensen, A et al. (2001): Late Pleistocene deep-water circulation in the subantarctic eastern Atlantic. Global and Planetary Change, 30(3-4), 197-229, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0921-8181(01)00102-3
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We present three new benthic foraminiferal delta13C, delta18O, and total organic carbon time series from the eastern Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean between 41°S and 47°S. The measured glacial delta13C values belong to the lowest hitherto reported. We demonstrate a coincidence between depleted late Holocene (LH) delta13C values and positions of sites relative to ocean surface productivity. A correction of +0.3 to +0.4 [per mil VPDB] for a productivity-induced depletion of Last Glacial Maximum (LGM) benthic delta13C values of these cores is suggested. The new data are compiled with published data from 13 sediment cores from the eastern Atlantic Ocean between 19°S and 47°S, and the regional deep and bottom water circulation is reconstructed for LH (4-0 ka) and LGM (22-16 ka) times. This extends earlier eastern Atlantic-wide synoptic reconstructions which suffered from the lack of data south of 20°S. A conceptual model of LGM deep-water circulation is discussed that, after correction of southernmost cores below the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) for a productivity-induced artifact, suggests a reduced formation of both North Atlantic Deep Water in the northern Atlantic and bottom water in the southwestern Weddell Sea. This reduction was compensated for by the formation of deep water in the zone of extended winter sea-ice coverage at the northern rim of the Weddell Sea, where air-sea gas exchange was reduced. This shift from LGM deep-water formation in the region south of the ACC to Holocene bottom water formation in the southwestern Weddell Sea, can explain lower preformed d13CDIC values of glacial circumantarctic deep water of approximately 0.3 per mil to 0.4 per mil. Our reconstruction brings Atlantic and Southern Ocean d13C and Cd/Ca data into better agreement, but is in conflict, however, with a scenario of an essentially unchanged thermohaline deep circulation on a global scale. Benthic delta18O-derived LGM bottom water temperatures, by 1.9°C and 0.3°C lower than during the LH at deepest southern and shallowest northern sites, respectively, agree with the here proposed reconstruction of deep-water circulation in the eastern South Atlantic Ocean.
Median Latitude: -44.398053 * Median Longitude: -6.101666 * South-bound Latitude: -46.511667 * West-bound Longitude: -15.333333 * North-bound Latitude: -41.275000 * East-bound Longitude: 35.898330
Date/Time Start: 1993-12-22T11:30:00 * Date/Time End: 1994-04-05T10:38:00
PS2495-3 (PS28/293) * Latitude: -41.275000 * Longitude: -14.490000 * Date/Time: 1993-12-22T11:30:00 * Elevation: -3134.0 m * Penetration: 10 m * Recovery: 9.05 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: ANT-XI/2 (PS28) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: 10 core sections: 0-0.17, 0.17-1.16, 1.16-2.16, 2.16-3.17, 3.17-4.17, 4.17-5.05, 5.05-6.05, 6.05-7.05, 7.05-8.05, 8.05-9.05 m
PS2498-1 (PS28/304) * Latitude: -44.153330 * Longitude: -14.228330 * Date/Time: 1993-12-24T06:58:00 * Elevation: -3783.0 m * Recovery: 11.61 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: ANT-XI/2 (PS28) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: 12 core sections: 0-0.73, 0.73-1.73, 1.73-2.73, 2.73-3.73, 3.73-4.73, 4.73-5.73, 5.73-6.73, 6.73-7.62, 7.62-8.62, 8.62-9.61, 9.61-10.61, 10.61-11.61 m
PS2499-5 (PS28/314) * Latitude: -46.511660 * Longitude: -15.333330 * Date/Time: 1993-12-25T15:44:00 * Elevation: -3175.0 m * Recovery: 15.53 m * Location: South Atlantic * Campaign: ANT-XI/2 (PS28) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Piston corer (BGR type) (KL) * Comment: 16 core sections: 0-0.53, 0.53-1.53, 1.53-2.53, 2.53-3.53, 3.53-4.53, 4.53-5.53, 5.53-6.54, 6.54-7.54, 7.54-8.54, 8.54-9.54, 9.54-10.54, 10.54-11.53, 11.53-12.53, 12.53-13.53, 13.53-14.53, 14.53-15.53 m