Wolff, Eric W; Fischer, Hubertus; Ruth, Urs; Twarloh, Birthe; Littot, Geneviève C; Mulvaney, Robert; Röthlisberger, Regine; de Angelis, Martine; Boutron, Claude F; Hansson, Margareta E; Jonsell, Ulf; Hutterli, Manuel A; Lambert, Fabrice; Kaufmann, Patrik R; Stauffer, Bernhard; Stocker, Thomas F; Steffensen, Jørgen Peder; Bigler, Matthias; Siggaard-Andersen, Marie-Louise; Udisti, Roberto; Becagli, Silvia; Castellano, Emiliano; Severi, Mirko; Wagenbach, Dietmar; Barbante, Carlo; Gabrielli, Paolo; Gaspari, Vania (2006): Chemical measurements from the EPICA Dome C core. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.728218, Supplement to: Wolff, EW et al. (2006): Southern Ocean sea-ice extent, productivity and iron flux over the past eight glacial cycles. Nature, 440, 491-496, doi:10.1038/nature04614
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Sea ice and dust flux increased greatly in the Southern Ocean during the last glacial period. Palaeorecords provide contradictory evidence about marine productivity in this region, but beyond one glacial cycle, data were sparse. Here we present continuous chemical proxy data spanning the last eight glacial cycles (740,000 years) from the Dome C Antarctic ice core. These data constrain winter sea-ice extent in the Indian Ocean, Southern Ocean biogenic productivity and Patagonian climatic conditions. We found that maximum sea-ice extent is closely tied to Antarctic temperature on multi-millennial timescales, but less so on shorter timescales. Biological dimethylsulphide emissions south of the polar front seem to have changed little with climate, suggesting that sulphur compounds were not active in climate regulation. We observe large glacial-interglacial contrasts in iron deposition, which we infer reflects strongly changing Patagonian conditions. During glacial terminations, changes in Patagonia apparently preceded sea-ice reduction, indicating that multiple mechanisms may be responsible for different phases of CO2 increase during glacial terminations. We observe no changes in internal climatic feedbacks that could have caused the change in amplitude of Antarctic temperature variations observed 440,000 years ago.
Latitude: -75.100000 * Longitude: 123.350000
Date/Time Start: 1993-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2004-12-31T00:00:00
EDC * Latitude: -75.100000 * Longitude: 123.350000 * Date/Time Start: 1993-01-01T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 2004-12-31T00:00:00 * Elevation: 3233.0 m * Recovery: 3300 m * Location: Dome C, Antarctica * Campaign: Dome C * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: Drill site is 56 km from the site of a previous Dome C core that provided records extending into the last glacial period, and 560 km from the site of the Vostok cores. The completion of the Dome C core was delayed when the first drilling became stuck at 788 m in 1999 (EDC96).