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Kuhnert, Henning; Bickert, Torsten; Paulsen, Harald (2009): Mg/Ca ratios of Globigerina bulloides and stable isotope data of ODP Hole 177-1092B in the Southern Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.727745, Supplement to: Kuhnert, H et al. (2009): Southern Ocean frontal system changes precede Antarctic ice sheet growth during the middle Miocene. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 284(3-4), 630-638, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2009.05.030

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Abstract:
The middle Miocene climate approximately 14 Ma ago was characterized by the glaciation of Antarctica, deep-ocean cooling and variations in the global carbon cycle. Although the Southern Ocean underwent significant oceanographic changes, there is limited information on their spatial extent and timing. However, such knowledge is crucial for understanding the role of the Southern Ocean and the Antarctic Circumpolar Current (ACC) for Antarctic glaciation and the coupling between the ocean and continental climate. We have reconstructed surface temperatures and seawater oxygen isotopes at Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) Site 1092 in the Polar Frontal Zone of the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean from foraminiferal oxygen isotopes (d18O) and magnesium to calcium ratios (Mg/Ca). Sea surface cooling by ~ 4 °C and freshening indicated by the ~ 1per mill reduction of seawater d18O (d18Osw) at 14.2 Ma precede the major step in Antarctic ice sheet growth at 13.8–13.9 Ma. This pattern qualitatively mirrors previous findings from the Pacific sector, and we interpret the surface hydrographic changes to reflect the circum-Antarctic northward shift of the Southern Ocean fronts and specifically at Site 1092 the passage of the Subantarctic Front. The magnitude of change in reconstructed d18Osw requires a d18Osw: salinity gradient significantly higher than the modern value (~ 0.52 per mill) and it possibly exceeded 1.1 per mill. This implies the Polar Frontal Zone was influenced by freshwater derived from Antarctica, which in turn confirms higher than modern continental precipitation. The latter has previously been suggested to have contributed to Antarctic glaciation.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Latitude: -46.411800 * Longitude: 7.079900
Date/Time Start: 1998-01-08T07:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-01-08T20:05:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 162.21 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 168.30 m
Event(s):
177-1092B * Latitude: -46.411800 * Longitude: 7.079900 * Date/Time Start: 1998-01-08T07:50:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-01-08T20:05:00 * Elevation: -1972.9 m * Penetration: 168.9 m * Recovery: 144.54 m * Location: South Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: Leg177 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 18 cores; 168.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 85.6 % recovery
Comment:
DEPTH, sediment = mbsf, stable isotope data were originally generated by Paulsen (2005). AGE = tuned to Sites 1085 and 1146, modified by Kuhnert, Henning
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Sample code/labelSample labelKuhnert, HenningODP sample designation
2DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
3Depth, compositeDepth compmcdShipboard Scientific PartyIntercore correlation
4Depth, composite revisedDepth crrmcdShipboard Scientific PartyIntercore correlationrmcd: Evans et al. (2004)
5AGEAgeka BPGeocode
6Cibicidoides kullenbergi, δ13CC. kullenbergi δ13C‰ PDBPaulsen, HaraldMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 252per mil with respect to VPDB
7Cibicidoides kullenbergi, δ18OC. kullenbergi δ18O‰ PDBPaulsen, HaraldMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 252per mil with respect to VPDB
8Globigerina bulloides, δ13CG. bulloides δ13C‰ PDBPaulsen, HaraldMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 252per mil with respect to VPDB
9Globigerina bulloides, δ18OG. bulloides δ18O‰ PDBPaulsen, HaraldMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 252per mil with respect to VPDB
10Globigerina bulloides, Magnesium/Calcium ratioG. bulloides Mg/Cammol/molKuhnert, HenningICP-MS, Thermo Finnigan, Element 2
Size:
431 data points

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