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Thunell, Robert C; Qingmin, Miao; Calvert, Stephen E; Pedersen, Thomas F (1992): Calcium carbonate conctent and stable isotope ratios of glacial-holocene sediments from the South China Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.727741, Supplement to: Thunell, RC et al. (1992): Glacial-Holocene biogenic sedimentation Patterns in the South China Sea: productivity variations and surface water pCO2. Paleoceanography, 7(2), 143-162, https://doi.org/10.1029/92PA00278

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Abstract:
A bathymetric transect of cores in the South China Sea extending from 4200-m to less than 1000-m water depth has been examined for glacial-interglacial changes in carbonate and organic carbon sedimentation. Typical 'Pacific carbonate cycles' (high carbonate content during glacials and low carbonate content during interglacials) characterize cores from water depths deeper than 3500 m. In contrast, 'Atlantic carbonate cycles' (low carbonate during glacials and high carbonate during interglacials) are observed in cores from depths shallower than 3000 m as a result of increased dilution of carbonate by terrigenous material during glacial low stands of sea level. Glacial-interglacial changes in the carbonate chemistry of South China Sea intermediate and deep waters resulted in significant changes in the positions of the carbonate compensation depth (CCD) and the aragonite compensation depth (ACD). During the last glacial the CCD and ACD were at least 400 and 1200 m deeper, respectively, than at present. Organic carbon accumulation rates in the South China Sea were approximately 2 times higher during the last glacial than the Holocene. Carbon isotopic analyses and C/N ratios of the organic matter indicate that only a small fraction of the increase in glacial organic carbon accumulation can be attributed to input of terrestrial carbon. On the basis of this we conclude that surface water productivity in the South China Sea was approximately 2 times higher during the last glacial maximum. This is consistent with previous studies which have demonstrated that glacial productivity was higher in low- to mid-latitude regions of the Atlantic and eastern Pacific. The deglacial decrease in organic carbon accumulation is accompanied by a decrease in delta13Corg. Using the relationship between delta13Corg and [CO2](aq) developed by Popp et al. [1989], we estimate that surface water pCO2 values in the South China Sea during the last 25,000 years were very similar to atmospheric CO2 concentrations.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 12.344500 * Median Longitude: 118.094667 * South-bound Latitude: 10.600000 * West-bound Longitude: 117.498333 * North-bound Latitude: 14.005000 * East-bound Longitude: 118.631667
Event(s):
MOANAWAVE01 * Latitude: 14.005000 * Longitude: 117.498333 * Elevation: -4203.0 m * Location: South China Sea * Method/Device: Giant gravity corer (GGC)
MOANAWAVE02 * Latitude: 13.608333 * Longitude: 117.675000 * Elevation: -4010.0 m * Location: South China Sea * Method/Device: Giant gravity corer (GGC)
MOANAWAVE03 * Latitude: 13.260000 * Longitude: 117.806667 * Elevation: -3725.0 m * Location: South China Sea * Method/Device: Giant gravity corer (GGC)
Size:
10 datasets

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Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2a) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726119
  2. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2b) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-11. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726114
  3. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2c) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726120
  4. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2d) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-10. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726113
  5. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2e) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-12. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726115
  6. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2f) Calcium carbonate and stable isotopes of sediment core GGC-13. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726116
  7. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2g) Calcium carbonate of sediment core GGC-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.52507
  8. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2g) Calcium carbonate of sediment core GGC-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.52508
  9. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2g) Calcium carbonate of sediment core GGC-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.52509
  10. Thunell, RC; Qingmin, M; Calvert, SE et al. (1992): (Table 2g) Calcium carbonate of sediment core GGC-9. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726121