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PeECE III team (2008): PeECE III - Pelagic Ecosystem CO2 Enrichment Study, Raunefjord, Bergen, Norway, 2005. PANGAEA,

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The effects of CO2-induced seawater acidification on plankton communities were also addressed in a series of 3 mesocosm experiments, called the Pelagic Ecosystem CO2 Enrichment (PeECE I-III) studies, which were conducted in the Large-Scale Mesocosm Facilities of the University of Bergen, Norway in 2001, 2003 and 2005, respectively. Each experiment consisted of 9 mesocosms, in which CO2 was manipulated to initial concentrations of 190, 350 and 750 µatm in 2001 and 2003, and 350, 700 and 1050 µatm in 2005. The present dataset concerns PeECE III.
Biomass/Abundance/Elemental composition; Coast and continental shelf; Community composition and diversity; Entire community; Field experiment; Mesocosm or benthocosm; North Atlantic; Other metabolic rates; Pelagos; Reproduction; Temperate
Related to:
Allgaier, Martin; Riebesell, Ulf; Vogt, Meike; Thyrhaug, Runar; Grossart, Hans-Peter (2008): Coupling of heterotrophic bacteria to phytoplankton bloom development at different pCO2 levels: a mesocosm study. Biogeosciences, 5(4), 1007-1022,
Antia, Avan N; Suffrian, K; Holste, Linda; Müller, Marius N; Nejstgaard, Jens C; Simonelli, P; Carotenuto, Y; Putzeys, S (2008): Dissolution of coccolithophorid calcite by microzooplankton and copepod grazing. Biogeosciences Discussions, 5(1), 1-23,
Bellerby, Richard G J; Schulz, Kai Georg; Riebesell, Ulf; Neill, Craig; Nondal, G; Heegaard, E; Johannessen, Truls; Brown, K R (2008): Marine ecosystem community carbon and nutrient uptake stoichiometry under varying ocean acidification during the PeECE III experiment. Biogeosciences, 5(6), 1517-1527,
Carotenuto, Y; Putzeys, S; Simonelli, P; Paulino, A I; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Suffrian, K; Antia, Avan N; Nejstgaard, Jens C (2007): Copepod feeding and reproduction in relation to phytoplankton development during the PeECE III mesocosm experiment. Biogeosciences Discussions, 4(5), 3913-3936,
Egge, Jorun K; Thingstad, Tron Frede; Engel, Anja; Bellerby, Richard G J; Riebesell, Ulf (2009): Primary production during nutrient-induced blooms at elevated CO2 concentrations. Biogeosciences, 4(6), 877-885,
Larsen, L B; Larsen, Aud; Thyrhaug, Runar; Bratbak, Gunnar; Sandaa, Ruth-Anne (2008): Response of marine viral populations to a nutrient induced phytoplankton bloom at different pCO2 levels. Biogeosciences, 5(2), 523-533,
Løvdal, T; Eichner, Christiane; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Carbonnel, Vincent; Chou, Lei; Martin-Jézéquel, Véronique; Thingstad, Tron Frede (2008): Competition for inorganic and organic forms of nitrogen and phosphorous between phytoplankton and bacteria during an Emiliania huxleyi spring bloom. Biogeosciences, 5(2), 371-383,
Paulino, A I; Egge, Jorun K; Larsen, Aud (2008): Effects of increased atmospheric CO2 on small and intermediate sized osmotrophs during a nutrient induced phytoplankton bloom. Biogeosciences, 5(3), 739-748,
Riebesell, Ulf; Bellerby, Richard G J; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Thingstad, Tron Frede (2008): Mesocosm CO2 perturbation studies: from organism to community level. Biogeosciences, 5(4), 1157-1164,
Schulz, Kai Georg; Riebesell, Ulf; Bellerby, Richard G J; Biswas, Haimanti; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Müller, Marius N; Egge, Jorun K; Nejstgaard, Jens C; Neill, Craig; Wohlers, J; Zöllner, Eckart (2008): Build-up and decline of organic matter during PeECE III. Biogeosciences, 5(3), 707-718,
Sinha, V V; Williams, Jonathan; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Riebesell, Ulf; Paulino, A I; Larsen, Aud (2006): Air-sea fluxes of methanol, acetone, acetaldehyde, isoprene and DMS from a Norwegian fjord following a phytoplankton bloom in a mesocosm experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussions, 6, 9907-9935
Suffrian, K; Simonelli, P; Nejstgaard, Jens C; Putzeys, S; Carotenuto, Y; Antia, Avan N (2008): Microzooplankton grazing and phytoplankton growth in marine mesocosms with increased CO2 levels. Biogeosciences, 5(4), 1145-1156,
Tanaka, Tsuneo; Thingstad, Tron Frede; Løvdal, T; Grossart, Hans-Peter; Larsen, Aud; Allgaier, Martin; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Schulz, Kai Georg; Wohlers, J; Zöllner, Eckart; Riebesell, Ulf (2008): Availability of phosphate for phytoplankton and bacteria and of glucose for bacteria at different pCO2 levels in a mesocosm study. Biogeosciences, 5(3), 669-678,
Vogt, Meike; Steinke, M; Turner, Suzanne M; Paulino, A I; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Riebesell, Ulf; Le Quéré, Corinne; Liss, Peter S (2008): Dynamics of dimethylsulphoniopropionate and dimethylsulphide under different CO2 concentrations during a mesocosm experiment. Biogeosciences, 5(2), 407-419,
Wingenter, O W; Haase, Karsten M; Zeigler, M; Blake, DR; Rowland, F S; Sive, B C; Paulino, A I; Thyrhaug, Runar; Larsen, Aud; Schulz, Kai Georg; Meyerhöfer, Michael; Riebesell, Ulf (2007): Unexpected consequences of increasing CO2 and ocean acidity on marine production of DMS and CH2ClI: Potential climate impacts. Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L05710,
PeECE_III * Method/Device: Experiment (EXP)
Comment: In order to allow full comparability with other ocean acidification data sets, the R package seacarb (Lavigne and Gattuso, 2011) was used to compute a complete and consistent set of carbonate system variables, as described by Nisumaa et al. (2010). In this dataset the original values were archived in addition with the recalculated parameters (see related PI).
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1Experimental treatmentExp treatPeECE III team
2DateDatePeECE III team
3Experiment dayExp daydayPeECE III team
4SalinitySalSchulz, Kai GeorgCTD
5Temperature, waterTemp°CSchulz, Kai GeorgCTD
6pHpHNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)Total scale
7Carbon dioxideCO2µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
8Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)pCO2water_SST_wetµatmBellerby, Richard G JInfrared CO2/H2O gas analyzer, non-dispersive, LI-COR type LI-6262
9Fugacity of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air)fCO2water_SST_wetµatmNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
10Bicarbonate ion[HCO3]-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
11Carbonate ion[CO3]2-µmol/kgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
12Carbon, inorganic, dissolvedDICµmol/kgBellerby, Richard G JContinuous Flow Analysis and Coulometry
13Alkalinity, totalATµmol/kgBellerby, Richard G JAlkalinity, Gran titration (Gran, 1950)
14Aragonite saturation stateOmega ArgNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
15Calcite saturation stateOmega CalNisumaa, Anne-MarinCalculated using seacarb after Nisumaa et al. (2010)
16δ13C, dissolved inorganic carbonδ13C DIC‰ PDBPeECE III teamIsotope ratio mass spectrometry
17Carbon, organic, dissolvedDOCµmol/lWohlers, JHigh temperature catalytic oxidation
18Nitrogen, organic, dissolvedDONµmol/lWohlers, JHigh temperature catalytic oxidation
19Phosphorus, organic, dissolvedDOPµmol/lWohlers, JHigh temperature catalytic oxidation
20Phosphorus, organic, particulatePOPµmol/lWohlers, JElement analyser CHN
21Nitrogen, organic, particulatePONµmol/lWohlers, JElement analyser CHN
22Carbon, organic, particulate/Nitrogen, organic, particulate ratioPOC/PONWohlers, JCalculated
23Nitrogen, total, particulateTPNµg/lWohlers, JElement analyser CHN
24Carbon, total, particulateTPCµg/lWohlers, JElement analyser CHN
25Carbon, organic/Nitrogen, total ratioC org/TNWohlers, JCalculated
26Transparent exopolymer particles as Gum Xanthan equivalents per volumeTEPµg Xeq/lWohlers, JColorimetry
27Nitrate and Nitrite[NO3]- + [NO2]-µmol/kgTanaka, TsuneoWet chemistry
28NitrateNITRATµmol/kgTanaka, TsuneoWet chemistry
29NitriteNITRITµmol/kgTanaka, TsuneoWet chemistry
30Ammonium[NH4]+µmol/kgTanaka, TsuneoWet chemistry
31PhosphatePHSPHTµmol/kgTanaka, TsuneoWet chemistry
32SilicateSILCATµmol/kgPeECE III teamWet chemistry
33PeridininPeridµg/lPeECE III teamHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
34FucoxanthinFucoµg/lPeECE III teamHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
3519-HexanoyloxyfucoxanthinHex-fucoµg/lPeECE III teamHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
36ZeaxanthinZeaµg/lPeECE III teamHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
37Chlorophyll bChl bµg/lPaulino, A IHigh Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC)
38Chlorophyll aChl aµg/lPaulino, A IFluorometry
39Chlorophyll a, DinoflagellataChl a Dinoflµg/lPaulino, A IFlow cytometry
40Chlorophyll a, diatomsChl a diatomsµg/lPaulino, A IFlow cytometry
41Chlorophyll a, PrymnesiophyceaeChl a Prymnµg/lPaulino, A IFlow cytometry
42Chlorophyll a, PrasinophytaChl a Prasinµg/lPaulino, A IFlow cytometry
43Chlorophyll a, CyanobacteriaChl a Cyanobµg/lPaulino, A IFlow cytometry
44Primary production of carbon per hourPP Cmg/m3/hPeECE III team14C in-situ incubation
45SynechococcusSynechococcus#/mlPaulino, A IFACSCalibur flow-cytometer (Becton Dicinson)
46PicoeukaryotesPEuk#/mlPaulino, A IFACSCalibur flow-cytometer (Becton Dicinson)
47Emiliania huxleyiE. huxleyi#/lMüller, Marius NFACSCalibur flow-cytometer (Becton Dicinson)
48NanoeukaryotesNEuk#/mlPaulino, A IFACSCalibur flow-cytometer (Becton Dicinson)Group 1
49NanoeukaryotesNEuk#/mlPaulino, A IFACSCalibur flow-cytometer (Becton Dicinson)Group 2
50Copepoda, eggs per femaleCopepoda eggs per female#/dayCarotenuto, YMicroscopy
51Copepoda, pellets per femaleCopepoda pellets per female#/dayCarotenuto, YMicroscopy
52Copepoda, hatching successCopepoda hatching success%Carotenuto, YMicroscopy
53Copepoda, nauplii per femaleCopepoda nauplii per female#/dayCarotenuto, YMicroscopy
54BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinDenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)Total
55BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinDenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)High DNA bacterial numbers
56BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinDenaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE)Low DNA bacterial numbers
57Bacteria, heterotrophic, production as carbonBHP-Leu-Cmg/m3/dayAllgaier, MartinIsotopic tracer uptakeFree-living bacteria (<5.0 >0.2 µm)
58Bacteria, heterotrophic, production as carbonBHP-Leu-Cmg/m3/dayAllgaier, MartinIsotopic tracer uptakeParticle-associated bacteria (>5.0 µm)
59Bacteria, heterotrophic, production as carbonBHP-Leu-Cmg/m3/dayAllgaier, MartinIsotopic tracer uptakeTotal bacteria (>0.2 µm)
60BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinFlow cytometryFree-living bacteria (<5.0 >0.2 µm)
61BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinFlow cytometryParticle-associated bacteria (>5.0 µm)
62BacteriaBact#/mlAllgaier, MartinFlow cytometryTotal bacteria (>0.2 µm)
63Dimethyl sulfide, dissolvedDMS dissnmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
64DibromomethaneCH2Br2pmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
65TribromomethaneCHBr3pmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
66IodomethaneCH3Ipmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
67BenzeneC6H6nmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
68EthylbenzeneC8H10nmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
69Meta- and paraxylene(m+p) xylenenmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
70Orthoxyleneo-xylenenmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
71n-propyl nitrateC3H7ONO2nmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
72ChlorobenzeneC6H5Clnmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
73p-Dichlorobenzenep-DCBnmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
74TetrachloroetheneC2Cl4pmol/lYassaa, NGas chromatography - Mass spectrometry (GC-MS)
75Phosphorus, particulatePPµmol/lPeECE III teamPhotometer, molybdene blue> 10 µm
76Phosphorus, particulatePPµmol/lPeECE III teamPhotometer, molybdene blue> 5 µm
77Phosphorus, particulatePPµmol/lPeECE III teamPhotometer, molybdene blue> 1 µm
78Phosphorus, particulatePPµmol/lPeECE III teamPhotometer, molybdene blue> 0.2 µm
11007 data points

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