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Dupont, Lydie M; Wyputta, Ulrike (2003): Pollen distribution in marine sediment samples along the south-western African coast. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.726897, Supplement to: Dupont, LM; Wyputta, U (2003): Reconstructing pathways of aeolian pollen transport to the marine sediments along the coastline of SW Africa. Quaternary Science Reviews, 22(2-4), 157-174, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0277-3791(02)00032-X

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Abstract:
The distribution of pollen in marine sediments is used to reconstruct pathways of terrigenous input to the oceans and provides a record of vegetation change on adjacent continents. The wind transport routes of aeolian pollen is comprehensively illustrated by clusters of trajectories. Isobaric, 4-day backward trajectories are calculated using the modelled wind-field of ECHAM3, and are clustered on a seasonal basis to estimate the main pathways of aeolian particles to sites of marine cores in the south-eastern Atlantic. Trajectories and clusters based on the modelled wind-field of the Last Glacial Maximum hardly differ from those of the present-day. Trajectory clusters show three regional, and two seasonal patterns, determining the pathways of aeolian pollen transport into the south-eastern Atlantic ocean. Mainly, transport out of the continent occurs during austral fall and winter, when easterly and south-easterly winds prevail. South of 25°S, winds blow mostly from the west and southwest, and aeolian terrestrial input is very low. Generally, a good latitudinal correspondence exists between the distribution patterns of pollen in marine surface sediments and the occurrence of the source plants on the adjacent continent. The northern Angola Basin receives pollen and spores from the Congolian and Zambezian forests mainly through river discharge. The Zambezian vegetation zone is the main source area for wind-blown pollen in sediments of the Angola Basin, while the semi-desert and desert areas are the main sources for pollen in sediments of the Walvis Basin and on the Walvis Ridge. A transect of six marine pollen records along the south-western African coast indicates considerable changes in the vegetation of southern Africa between glacial and interglacial periods. Important changes in the vegetation are the decline of forests in equatorial Africa and the north of southern Africa and a northward shift of winter rain vegetation along the western escarpment.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -20.035314 * Median Longitude: 10.603731 * South-bound Latitude: -29.450000 * West-bound Longitude: 6.030000 * North-bound Latitude: 2.678333 * East-bound Longitude: 13.383333
Date/Time Start: 1988-03-02T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-03-11T01:49:00
Event(s):
GeoB1028-5 * Latitude: -20.104000 * Longitude: 9.185833 * Date/Time: 1988-03-02T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2209.0 m * Penetration: 12 m * Recovery: 10.79 m * Location: Walvis Ridge, Southeast Atlantic Ocean * Campaign: M6/6 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: Karb.-schl., sandig, For.
GeoB1710-3 * Latitude: -23.431667 * Longitude: 11.698333 * Date/Time: 1992-01-11T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2987.0 m * Recovery: 10.45 m * Location: Namibia continental slope * Campaign: M20/2 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: CC: Karbonatschl., weißgrün
GeoB1722-1 * Latitude: -29.450000 * Longitude: 11.750000 * Date/Time: 1992-01-18T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3973.0 m * Recovery: 10.32 m * Location: Namibia continental slope * Campaign: M20/2 * Basis: Meteor (1986) * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: CC: Karbo.Schl., beige, Foram.
Size:
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