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Niller, Hans-Peter (1998): Documentation, profile descriptions and analytical results of loes profiles from Bavaria, southern Germany. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723410, Supplement to: Niller, H-P (1998): Prähistorische Landschaften im Lößgebiet bei Regensburg - Kolluvien, Auenlehme und Böden als Archive der Paläoumwelt. Regensburger Geographische Schriften, Institut für Geographie an der Universität Regensburg, ISBN 3-88246-204-3, 31, 429 pp, hdl:10013/epic.32998.d001

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Abstract:
This study investigates the landscape evolution and soil development in the loess area near Regensburg between approximately 6000-2000 yr BP (radiocarbon years), Eastern Bavaria. The focus is on the question how man and climate influenced landscape evolution and what their relative significance was. The theoretical background concerning the factors that controlled prehistoric soil erosion in Middle Europe is summarized with respect to rainfall intensity and distribution, pedogenesis, Pleistocene relief, and prehistoric farming. Colluvial deposits , flood loams, and soils were studied at ten different and representative sites that served as archives of their respective palaeoenvironments. Geomorphological, sedimentological, and pedological methods were applied.
According to the findings presented here, there was a high asynchronity of landscape evolution in the investigation area, which was due to prehistoric land-use patterns. Prehistoric land use and settlement caused highly difIerenciated phases of morphodynamic activity and stability in time and space. These are documented at the single catenas ofeach site.
In general, Pleistocene relief was substantially lowered. At the same time smaller landforms such as dells and minor asymmetric valleys filled up and strongly transformed. However, there were short phases at many sites, forming short lived linear erosion features ('Runsen'), resulting from exceptional rainfalls. These forms are results of single events without showing regional trends.
Generally, the onset of the sedimentation of colluvial deposits took place much earlier (usually 3500 yr BP (radiocarbon) and younger) than the formation of flood loams. Thus, the deposition of flood loams in the Kleine Laaber river valley started mainly as a consequence of iron age farming only at around 2500 yr BP (radiocarbon).
A cascade system explains the different ages of colluvial deposits and flood loams: as a result of prehistoric land use, dells and other minor Pleistocene landforms were filled with colluvial sediments. After the filling of these primary sediment traps , eroded material was transported into flood plains, thus forming flood loams. But at the moment we cannot quantify the extent ofprehistoric soil erosion in the investigation area.
The three factors that controlled the prehistoric Iandscapc evolution in the Ioess area near Regensburg are as follows:
1. The transformation from a natural to a prehistoric cultural landscape was the most important factor: A landscape with stable relief was changed into a highly morphodynamic one with soil erosion as the dominant process of this change.
2. The sediment traps of the pre-anthropogenic relief determined where the material originated from soil erosion was deposited: either sedimentation took place on the slopes or the filled sediment traps of the slopes rendered flood loam formation possible.
Climatic influence of any importance can only be documented as the result of land use in connection with singular and/or statistic events of heavy rainfalls. Without human impact, no significant change in the Holocene landscape would have been possible.
Related to:
Niller, Hans-Peter (2001): Wandel prähistorischer Landschaften. Kolluvien, Auenlehme und Böden: Archive zur Rekonstruktion vorgeschichtlicher anthropogener Landschaftsveränderungen im Lößgebiet bei Regensburg. Erdkunde, 55(1), 32-48, https://doi.org/10.3112/erdkunde.2001.01.03
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 48.850849 * Median Longitude: 12.185112 * South-bound Latitude: 48.572279 * West-bound Longitude: 11.823493 * North-bound Latitude: 48.992999 * East-bound Longitude: 13.194622
Date/Time Start: 1994-06-30T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1997-07-22T00:00:00
Event(s):
7038-101 (Thalmassing 1) * Latitude: 48.906603 * Longitude: 12.162347 * Date/Time: 1994-06-30T00:00:00 * Elevation: 356.0 m * Penetration: 1.5 m * Recovery: 1.5 m * Location: Lößgebiet bei Regensburg, Eastern Bavaria * Campaign: Loess_Reg * Device: Outcrop sample (OUTCROP) * Comment: aspect: SE, slope:2deg, land use: corn field
7038-102 (Thalmassing 2) * Latitude: 48.906468 * Longitude: 12.162347 * Date/Time: 1994-07-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: 356.0 m * Penetration: 1.3 m * Recovery: 1.3 m * Location: Lößgebiet bei Regensburg, Eastern Bavaria * Campaign: Loess_Reg * Device: Outcrop sample (OUTCROP) * Comment: aspect: SE, slope:2deg, land use: corn field
7038-103 (Thalmassing 3) * Latitude: 48.906513 * Longitude: 12.162347 * Date/Time: 1994-07-01T00:00:00 * Elevation: 356.0 m * Penetration: 1.1 m * Recovery: 1.1 m * Location: Lößgebiet bei Regensburg, Eastern Bavaria * Campaign: Loess_Reg * Device: Outcrop sample (OUTCROP) * Comment: aspect: SE, slope:2deg, land use: corn field
Size:
335 datasets

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Datasets listed in this Collection

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  1. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-101. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723157
  2. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-102. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723158
  3. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-103. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723159
  4. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-104. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723160
  5. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-105. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723161
  6. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-106. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723162
  7. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-107. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723163
  8. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-108. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723164
  9. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-109. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723165
  10. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-110. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723166
  11. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-112. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723167
  12. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-113. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723168
  13. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-114. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723169
  14. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-115. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723170
  15. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-201. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723171
  16. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-202. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723172
  17. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-203. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723173
  18. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-204. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723174
  19. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-205. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723175
  20. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-206. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723176
  21. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-207. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723177
  22. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-208. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723178
  23. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-209. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723179
  24. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-210. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723180
  25. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-211. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723181
  26. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-212. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723182
  27. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-213. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723183
  28. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-214. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723184
  29. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-215. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723185
  30. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-216. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723186
  31. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-217. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723187
  32. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-301. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723188
  33. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-302. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723189
  34. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-401. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723190
  35. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-402. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723191
  36. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-403. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723192
  37. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-507. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723193
  38. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-508. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723194
  39. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7038-509. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723195
  40. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-101. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723196
  41. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-102. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723197
  42. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-103. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723198
  43. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-104. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723199
  44. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-105. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723200
  45. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-106. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723201
  46. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-110. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723202
  47. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7039-111. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723203
  48. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-107. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723204
  49. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-108. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723205
  50. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-109. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723206
  51. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-110. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723207
  52. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-111. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723208
  53. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-112. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723209
  54. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-113. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723210
  55. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-128. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723211
  56. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-129. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723212
  57. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-130. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723213
  58. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-131. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723214
  59. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-132. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723215
  60. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-139. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723216
  61. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-140. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723217
  62. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-149. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723218
  63. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-150. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723219
  64. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-151. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723220
  65. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-152. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723221
  66. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-301. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723222
  67. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-401. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723223
  68. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-402. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723224
  69. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7136-403. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723225
  70. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-101. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723226
  71. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-102. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723227
  72. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-103. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723228
  73. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-104. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723229
  74. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-105. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723230
  75. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-106. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723231
  76. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-114. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723232
  77. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-115. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723233
  78. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-116. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723234
  79. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-117. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723235
  80. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-118. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723236
  81. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-119. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723237
  82. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-120. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723238
  83. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-121. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723239
  84. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-122. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723240
  85. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-123. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723241
  86. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-124. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723242
  87. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-125. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723243
  88. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-126. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723244
  89. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-127. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723245
  90. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-133. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723246
  91. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-134. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723247
  92. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-135. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723248
  93. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-136. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723249
  94. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-137. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723250
  95. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-138. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723251
  96. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7137-141. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723252
  97. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7139-201. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723253
  98. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7139-202. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723254
  99. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7139-203. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723255
  100. Niller, H-P (1998): Description of profile 7139-204. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.723256

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