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Stax, Rainer; Stein, Ruediger (1994): Small cycle sedimentation of organic matter from ODP Hole 128-798B in the Japan Sea (Table 1). PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.72307, Supplement to: Stax, R; Stein, R (1994): Quaternary organic carbon cycles in the Japan Sea (ODP-Site 798) and their paleoceanographic implications. Palaeogeography, Palaeoclimatology, Palaeoecology, 108(3-4), 509-521, https://doi.org/10.1016/0031-0182(94)90249-6

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Abstract:
Sedimentological and organic geochemical investigations of sediments of Site 798 give important information about the paleoenvironmental and paleoceanographic conditions of the Japan Sea. Distinct dark/light cycles from the uppermost 37 m of the record (i.e. the last 200,000 years) were sampled in detail and analyzed for TOC content, C/N-ratios and hydrogen index values to characterize the organic material. A subdivision into three types of cycles was possible, representing different environmental conditions during formation of the dark/light rhythms. Additionally, the data were correlated with the global oxygen isotope curve and biogenic opal data to define the stratigraphic framework and stage boundaries. The results indicate that glacial intervals are generally dominated by a very distinctive cyclicity whereas interglacial sediments are more homogenous and cycles less pronounced. Glacial sea-level lowstands probably lead to a stratification of the water column and anoxic sedimentary conditions (and, thus, distinct dark/light cyclicity with an enrichment of marine organic carbon in the dark part) while the well-mixed Japan Sea of the interglacial periods barely reached oxygen-deficient levels although high productivity caused the enhanced oxygen demand due to the decay of marine organic material. Dilution by siliciclastic material and supply of terrigenous organic matter may occasionally control the organic carbon fluctuations.
Related to:
Stax, Rainer (1994): Zyklische Sedimentation von organischem Kohlenstoff in der Japan See: Anzeiger für Änderungen von Paläoozeanographie und Paläoklima im Spätkänozoikum. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 47, 150 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000106717
Coverage:
Latitude: 37.038500 * Longitude: 134.799600
Date/Time Start: 1989-08-28T10:24:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-08-31T08:00:00
Minimum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 4.11 m * Maximum DEPTH, sediment/rock: 35.53 m
Event(s):
128-798B * Latitude: 37.038500 * Longitude: 134.799600 * Date/Time Start: 1989-08-28T10:24:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-08-31T08:00:00 * Elevation: -911.0 m * Penetration: 517.9 m * Recovery: 514.42 m * Location: Japan Sea * Campaign: Leg128 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Drilling/drill rig (DRILL) * Comment: 54 cores; 517.9 m cored; 0 m drilled; 99.3 % recovery
Parameter(s):
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethod/DeviceComment
1DEPTH, sediment/rockDepthmGeocode
2Depth, compositeDepth compmcdStein, Ruedigerafter Dunbar et al. (1992, doi:10.2973/odp.proc.sr.127128-1.147.1992)
3Sample code/labelSample labelStein, RuedigerODP sample designation
4Carbon, organic, totalTOC%Stein, RuedigerElement analyser CHN, LECO
5Calcium carbonateCaCO3%Stein, RuedigerCalculated
6Sulfur, totalTS%Stein, RuedigerElement analyser CHN, LECO
7Carbon/Nitrogen ratioC/NStein, RuedigerCalculated
8Carbon/sulfur ratioC/SStein, RuedigerCalculated
9Hydrogen index, mass HC per unit mass total organic carbonHI, HC/TOCmg/gStein, RuedigerRock eval pyrolysis (Behar et al., 2001)
10Oxygen index, mass CO2 per unit mass total organic carbonOI, CO2/TOCmg/gStein, RuedigerRock eval pyrolysis (Behar et al., 2001)
11Pyrolysis temperature maximumTmax°CStein, RuedigerRock eval pyrolysis (Behar et al., 2001)
12δ13C, organic carbonδ13C Corg‰ PDBStein, RuedigerMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 251
13δ13C, organic carbonδ13C Corg‰ PDBStein, RuedigerMass spectrometer Finnigan MAT 251
Size:
1557 data points

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