Data Description

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Langer, G et al. (2006): Seawater carbonate chemistry, growth rate and processes during experiments with Coccolithus pelagicus and Calcidiscus leptoporus, 2006. doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.721107,
Supplement to: Langer, Gerald; Geisen, Markus; Baumann, Karl-Heinz; Kläs, Jessica; Riebesell, Ulf; Thoms, Silke; Young, Jeremy (2006): Species-specific responses of calcifying algae to changing seawater carbonate chemistry. Geochemistry, Geophysics, Geosystems, 7, Q09006, doi:10.1029/2005GC001227
Uptake of half of the fossil fuel CO2 into the ocean causes gradual seawater acidification. This has been shown to slow down calcification of major calcifying groups, such as corals, foraminifera, and coccolithophores. Here we show that two of the most productive marine calcifying species, the coccolithophores Coccolithus pelagicus and Calcidiscus leptoporus, do not follow the CO2-related calcification response previously found. In batch culture experiments, particulate inorganic carbon (PIC) of C. leptoporus changes with increasing CO2 concentration in a nonlinear relationship. A PIC optimum curve is obtained, with a maximum value at present-day surface ocean pCO2 levels (?360 ppm CO2). With particulate organic carbon (POC) remaining constant over the range of CO2 concentrations, the PIC/POC ratio also shows an optimum curve. In the C. pelagicus cultures, neither PIC nor POC changes significantly over the CO2 range tested, yielding a stable PIC/POC ratio. Since growth rate in both species did not change with pCO2, POC and PIC production show the same pattern as POC and PIC. The two investigated species respond differently to changes in the seawater carbonate chemistry, highlighting the need to consider species-specific effects when evaluating whole ecosystem responses. Changes of calcification rate (PIC production) were highly correlated to changes in coccolith morphology. Since our experimental results suggest altered coccolith morphology (at least in the case of C. leptoporus) in the geological past, coccoliths originating from sedimentary records of periods with different CO2 levels were analyzed. Analysis of sediment samples was performed on six cores obtained from locations well above the lysocline and covering a range of latitudes throughout the Atlantic Ocean. Scanning electron micrograph analysis of coccolith morphologies did not reveal any evidence for significant numbers of incomplete or malformed coccoliths of C. pelagicus and C. leptoporus in last glacial maximum and Holocene sediments. The discrepancy between experimental and geological results might be explained by adaptation to changing carbonate chemistry.
Langer_etal_06 * * Device: Experiment (EXP) *
#NameShort NameUnitPrincipal InvestigatorMethodComment
1Species *SpeciesLanger, Gerald *
2Experimental treatment *Exp trtmLanger, Gerald *
3Temperature, water *Temp°CLanger, Gerald *
4Radiation, photosynthetically active *PARµE/m2/sLanger, Gerald *
5Light:Dark cycle *L:Dhh:hhLanger, Gerald *
6pH *pHLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
7Alkalinity, total *ATµmol/kgLanger, Gerald *Titration potentiometric *
8Carbon, inorganic, dissolved *DICµmol/kgLanger, Gerald *Titration potentiometric *
9Carbon dioxide *CO2µmol/kgLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
10Bicarbonate ion *[HCO3]-µmol/kgLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
11Carbonate ion *[CO3]2-µmol/kgLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
12Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (water) at sea surface temperature (wet air) *pCO2water_SST_wetµatmLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
13Aragonite saturation state *Omega ArgLanger, Gerald *Calculated using CO2SYS *
14Carbon, organic, particulate, per cell *POCpg/#Langer, Gerald *Element analyser CNS, Carlo Erba NA1500 *
15Carbon, inorganic, particulate, per cell *PIC/cellpg/#Langer, Gerald *
16Carbon organic/inorganic ratio *CO/CILanger, Gerald *of particulate fraction
17Growth rate *µ#/dayLanger, Gerald *
18Coccoliths, sphere size *Cocco sphere sizeµmLanger, Gerald *
19Coccoliths *CoccolithsLanger, Gerald *per cell
20Coccoliths *Coccoliths%Langer, Gerald *normal per cell
21Coccoliths *Coccoliths%Langer, Gerald *malformed per cell
22Coccoliths *Coccoliths%Langer, Gerald *incompletely grown
189 data points

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