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Ufkes, Els; Jansen, J H Fred; Schneider, Ralph R (2000): Planktonic foraminifera of sediment core T89-40 on the Walvis Ridge, South Atlantic. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Ufkes, E et al. (2000): Anomalous occurrendes of Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (left) in a 420-ky upwelling record from Walvis Ridge (SE Atlantic). Marine Micropaleontology, 40(1-2), 23-42,

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Core T89-40, eastern Walvis Ridge between the subtropical gyre and Benguela coastal upwelling system, contains three types of levels of abundant left-coiled Neogloboquadrina pachyderma, a cold, eutrophic species, next to subtropical species. Type A peaks (362, 110 and 53-43 ky BP) are accompanied with high percentages of other eutrophic species. They are attributed to intensified upwelling in the Northern Benguela region. Type B peaks (129 and 92 ky BP) are accompanied by moderate (<48%) contributions of other eutrophic species and increased numbers of subtropical species. These suggest intensified upwelling in the Northern Benguela cells and may reflect increased seasonal contrasts between the winter upwelling and the subtropical summer conditions.
The highest C-peaks, up to 38%, are associated with strongly reduced percentages of other eutrophic species and with abundant subtropical species (Marine Isotopic Stage 11.3 (401 ky) and 9.3 (326 ky)). The subtropical species preceeded the C-peaks by ca 8 ky. We argue that the C-peaks were not produced by local reproduction but expatriated from the Northern Benguela upwelling cells. Here more nutrient-rich waters may have produced a mono-specific Neogloboquadrina pachyderma (left) fauna during strong polewards shifts of the frontal systems in the South Atlantic, which could have been transported 700 km offshore to the core location, unadmixed with eutrophic species from the surrounding waters. We propose meandering shelf-edge jets, strong contour jets, as a mechanism for the transport. The timing of the C-peaks and associated subtropical peaks agrees with the known precessional cyclicity of the SE Atlantic front movements and zonality of the trade winds, which supports the shelf-edge jet hypothesis.
Latitude: -21.605000 * Longitude: 6.776700
Date/Time Start: 1989-11-11T13:27:00 * Date/Time End: 1989-11-11T13:27:00
T89-40-PC (T89-40) * Latitude: -21.605000 * Longitude: 6.776700 * Date/Time: 1989-11-11T13:27:00 * Elevation: -3073.0 m * Recovery: 16.85 m * Location: Southeast Atlantic * Campaign: NIOZ89 * Basis: Tyro * Method/Device: Piston corer (PC)
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