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Elias, Scott A (2009): Determination of ages and fossil Coleoptera fauna from eight sites in the London region. Department of Geography, Royal Holloway, University of London, PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713861

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Abstract:
These data sets report the fossil beetle assemblages identified from the Mesolithic to Late Bronze Age at eight sites in the London region. All but one of the study sites are within 2 km of the modern course of the Thames. The sites produced 128 faunal assemblages that yielded 218 identified species in 41 families of Coleoptera (beetles).  Beetle faunas of Mesolithic age indicate extensive wetlands near the Thames, bordered by rich deciduous woodlands. The proportion of woodland species declined in the Neolithic, apparently because of the expansion of wetlands, rather than because of human activities. The Early Bronze Age faunas contained a greater proportion of coniferous woodland and aquatic (standing water) species. An increase in the dung beetle fauna indicates the presence of sheep, cattle and horses, and various beetles associated with crop lands demonstrate the local rise of agriculture, albeit several centuries after the beginnings of farming in other regions of Britain. Late Bronze Age faunas show the continued development of agriculture and animal husbandry along the lower Thames. About 33% of the total identified beetle fauna from the London area sites have limited modern distributions or are extinct in the U.K. Some of these species are associated with the dead wood found in primeval forests; others are wetland species whose habitat has been severely reduced in recent centuries. The third group is stream-dwelling beetles that require clean, clear waters and river bottoms.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 51.490590 * Median Longitude: 0.105518 * South-bound Latitude: 51.394730 * West-bound Longitude: -0.017680 * North-bound Latitude: 51.521920 * East-bound Longitude: 0.244810
Event(s):
Abbey_Wood * Latitude: 51.480250 * Longitude: 0.103667 * Location: London, United Kingdom, Europe * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
Bellot_Street * Latitude: 51.487130 * Longitude: 0.005070 * Location: Greenwich, London, United Kingdom, Europe * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
Crossness * Latitude: 51.506080 * Longitude: 0.133520 * Location: Bexley, London, United Kingdom, Europe * Device: Sampling by hand (HAND)
Size:
16 datasets

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Datasets listed in this Collection

  1. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Bellot Street site, Greenwich, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713828
  2. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Borax Works, Norman Road site, Bexley, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713832
  3. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Crossness Sewage Works site, Bexley, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713827
  4. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Hornchurch Marshes site, Dagenham, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713829
  5. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Horton Kirby site, near London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713856
  6. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Poplar High Street site, Tower Hamlets, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713833
  7. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the St. Paul's Academy site, Abbey Wood, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713551
  8. Elias, SA (2009): Age determination from the Woolwich Manor Way site, Becton, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713826
  9. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Bellot Street site, Greenwich, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713838
  10. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Borax Works, Norman Road site, Bexley, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713840
  11. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Crossness Sewage Works site, Bexley, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713836
  12. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Hornchurch Marshes site, Dagenham, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713842
  13. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Horton Kirby site, near London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713853
  14. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Poplar High Street site, Tower Hamlets, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713841
  15. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the St. Paul's Academy site, Abbey Wood, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713544
  16. Elias, SA (2009): Coleoptera identified from the Woolwich Manor Way site, Becton, London. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713835