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Kopf, Achim J; Behrmann, Jan Hinrich; Deyhle, Annette; Roller, Sybille; Erlenkeuser, Helmut (2003): Carbon, boron and oxygen isotope ratios of sediments from the Moresby Seamount. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.713255, Supplement to: Kopf, AJ et al. (2003): Isotopic evidence (B, C, O) of deep fluid processes in fault rock from the active Woodlark Basin detachment zone. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 208(1-2), 51-68, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(03)00016-5

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Abstract:
We report results from boron, carbon and oxygen stable isotope analyses of faulted and veined rocks recovered by scientific ocean drilling during ODP Leg 180 in the western Woodlark Basin, off Papua New Guinea. In this area of active continental extension, crustal break-up and incipient seafloor spreading, a shallow-dipping, seismically active detachment fault accommodates strain, defining a zone of mylonites and cataclasites, vein formation and fluid infiltration. Syntectonic microstructures and vein-fill mineralogy suggest frictional heating during slip during extension and exhumation of Moresby Seamount. Low carbon and oxygen isotope ratios of calcite veins indicate precipitation from hydrothermal fluids (delta13C PDB down to -17 per mil ; delta18O PDB down to -22 per mil ) formed by both dehydration and decarbonation. Boron contents are low (<7 ppm), indicating high-grade metamorphic source rock for the fluids. Some of the delta11B signatures (17-35 per mil ; parent solutions to calcite vein fills) are low when compared to deep-seated waters in other tectonic environments, likely reflecting preferential loss of 11B during low-grade metamorphism at depth. Pervasive devolatilization and flux of CO2-rich fluids are evident from similar vein cement geochemistry in the detachment fault zone and splays further updip. Multiple rupture-and-healing history of the veins suggests that precipitation may be an important player in fluid pressure evolution and, hence, seismogenic fault movement.
Project(s):
Coverage:
Median Latitude: -9.759728 * Median Longitude: 151.590838 * South-bound Latitude: -9.793550 * West-bound Longitude: 151.549117 * North-bound Latitude: -9.717650 * East-bound Longitude: 151.625467
Date/Time Start: 1998-06-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-07-28T00:00:00
Event(s):
180-1108 * Latitude: -9.745267 * Longitude: 151.625467 * Date/Time Start: 1998-06-17T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-06-24T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3169.9 m * Penetration: 501.5 m * Recovery: 148.6 m * Location: Solomon Sea * Campaign: Leg180 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 51 cores; 485.2 m cored; 16.3 m drilled; 30.6% recovery
180-1110 * Latitude: -9.726650 * Longitude: 151.575183 * Date/Time Start: 1998-07-04T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-07-05T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3246.1 m * Penetration: 75.5 m * Recovery: 15 m * Location: Solomon Sea * Campaign: Leg180 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 6 cores; 37.8 m cored; 15 m drilled; 39.6% recovery
180-1111 * Latitude: -9.717650 * Longitude: 151.575567 * Date/Time Start: 1998-07-05T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1998-07-07T00:00:00 * Elevation: -3200.7 m * Penetration: 173.7 m * Recovery: 15.2 m * Location: Solomon Sea * Campaign: Leg180 * Basis: Joides Resolution * Method/Device: Composite Core (COMPCORE) * Comment: 18 cores; 173.7 m cored; 0 m drilled; 8.7% recovery
Size:
5 datasets

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