Not logged in
PANGAEA.
Data Publisher for Earth & Environmental Science

Moustafa, Yaser Ahmed; Pätzold, Jürgen; Loya, Yossi; Wefer, Gerold (2000): Stable isotope records of corals from the northern Red Sea. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.712061, Supplement to: Moustafa, Yaser Ahmed (2000): Paleoclimatic reconstructions of the northern Red Sea during the Holocene inferred from stable isotope records of modern and fossil corals and molluscs. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 153, 102 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000102745

Always quote above citation when using data! You can download the citation in several formats below.

RIS CitationBibTeX CitationShow MapGoogle Earth

Abstract:
We present a study based on X-ray chronologies and the stable isotopic composition of fossil Porites spp. corals from the northern Gulf of Aqaba (Red Sea) covering the mid-Holocene period from 5750 to 4450 14C years BP (before present). The stable oxygen and carbon isotopic compositions of five specimens reveal regular annual periodicities. Compared with modern Porites spp. from the same environment, the average seasonal delta18O amplitude of the fossil corals is higher (by ca. 0.35-0.60 per mil ), whereas annual growth rates are lower (by ca. 3.5 to 2 mm/year). This suggests stronger seasonality of sea surface temperatures and increased variability of the oxygen isotopic composition of the sea water due to changes in the precipitation and evaporation regime during the mid-Holocene. Most likely, summer monsoon rains reached the northern end of the Red Sea at that time. Average annual coral growth rates are diminished probably due to an increased input and resuspension of terrestrial debris to the shallow marine environment during more humid conditions. Our results corroborate published reports of paleodata and model simulations suggesting a northward migration of the African monsoon giving rise to increased seasonalities during the mid-Holocene over northeastern Africa and Arabia.
Related to:
Moustafa, Yaser Ahmed; Pätzold, Jürgen; Loya, Yossi; Wefer, Gerold (2000): Mid-Holocene stable isotope record of corals from the northern Red Sea. International Journal of Earth Sciences, 88(4), 742-751, https://doi.org/10.1007/s005310050302
Project(s):
Red Sea Program on marine sciences (RSP)
Coverage:
Latitude: 29.516700 * Longitude: 34.933300
Date/Time Start: 1996-04-16T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1996-04-16T00:00:00
Event(s):
EILAT-F24 * Latitude: 29.516700 * Longitude: 34.933300 * Date/Time: 1996-04-16T00:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Location: Eilat * Campaign: Egypt93_98 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Drill, hydraulic (DRILLHY)
EILAT-F3 * Latitude: 29.516700 * Longitude: 34.933300 * Date/Time: 1996-04-16T00:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Location: Eilat * Campaign: Egypt93_98 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Drill, hydraulic (DRILLHY)
EILAT-F8 * Latitude: 29.516700 * Longitude: 34.933300 * Date/Time: 1996-04-16T00:00:00 * Elevation: 2.0 m * Location: Eilat * Campaign: Egypt93_98 * Basis: Sampling/drilling corals * Device: Drill, hydraulic (DRILLHY)
Size:
14 datasets

Download Data

Download ZIP file containing all datasets as tab-delimited text (use the following character encoding: )

Datasets listed in this publication series

  1. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. annual growth rates of sample EILAT-F24. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389638
  2. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. annual growth rates of sample EILAT-F3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389636
  3. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. annual growth rates of sample EILAT-F8. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389637
  4. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. annual growth rates of sample EILAT-H2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389639
  5. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. annual growth rates of sample EILAT-H5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389640
  6. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. delta 18O seasonal amplitude of sample EILAT-F24. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389643
  7. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. delta 18O seasonal amplitude of sample EILAT-F3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389641
  8. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. delta 18O seasonal amplitude of sample EILAT-F8. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389642
  9. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. delta 18O seasonal amplitude of sample EILAT-H2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389644
  10. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Porites sp. delta 18O seasonal amplitude of sample EILAT-H5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389645
  11. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Stable isotopes on coral Porites spp. of sample EILAT-F24. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389633
  12. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Stable isotopes on coral Porites spp. of sample EILAT-F3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389631
  13. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Stable isotopes on coral Porites spp. of sample EILAT-F8. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389632
  14. Moustafa, YA; Pätzold, J; Loya, Y et al. (2000): Stable isotopes on coral Porites spp. of sample EILAT-H5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.389635