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Arz, Helge Wolfgang; Pätzold, Jürgen; Wefer, Gerold (1999): Stable isotope ratios of foraminifera from sediment cores off northeastern Brazil. PANGAEA,, Supplement to: Arz, HW et al. (1999): The deglacial history of the western tropical Atlantic as inferred from high resolution stable isotope records off northeastern Brazil. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 167(1-2), 105-117,

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The western South Atlantic boundary currents represent a sensitive system within the global thermohaline circulation (THC). We investigated the impact of deglacial THC changes on the western tropical Atlantic studied in six high resolution sediment cores from the upper continental slope of Brazil. The stratigraphy of the cores is mainly based on 14C AMS dating of monospecific foraminiferal samples. Changes in the upper layer tropical ocean during the deglaciation are inferred from stable oxygen isotope measurements on planktic and benthic foraminifera. Variations in the delta18O residuals are assumed to be mainly temperature related. During the Oldest and Younger Dryas cooling periods, two major deglacial THC disturbances are reported from North Atlantic sediment cores. Concomitant to the repeated THC slowdown, we observe an upper layer warming in the tropical ocean. A reduced northward heat export from the tropical areas during these periods (weak North Brazil Current) is additionally reflected by low meridional gradients in the stable oxygen records. This generally agrees with results from coupled ocean atmosphere models.
Related to:
Arz, Helge Wolfgang (1998): Dokumentation von kurzfristigen Klimaschwankungen des Spätquartärs in Sedimenten des westlichen äquatorialen Atlantiks. Berichte aus dem Fachbereich Geowissenschaften der Universität Bremen, 124, 96 pp, urn:nbn:de:gbv:46-ep000102433
Median Latitude: -16.635417 * Median Longitude: -39.097500 * South-bound Latitude: -21.616667 * West-bound Longitude: -39.978333 * North-bound Latitude: -3.666667 * East-bound Longitude: -37.716667
Date/Time Start: 1995-03-14T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1995-04-19T00:00:00
GeoB3104-1 * Latitude: -3.666667 * Longitude: -37.716667 * Date/Time: 1995-03-14T00:00:00 * Elevation: -767.0 m * Recovery: 5.25 m * Location: NE-Brazilian continental margin * Campaign: JOPSII-6 * Basis: Victor Hensen * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
GeoB3202-1 * Latitude: -21.616667 * Longitude: -39.978333 * Date/Time: 1995-04-11T00:00:00 * Elevation: -1090.0 m * Recovery: 5.1 m * Location: off Rio Paraiba do Sul * Campaign: JOPSII-8 * Basis: Victor Hensen * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
GeoB3229-2 * Latitude: -19.641667 * Longitude: -38.716667 * Date/Time: 1995-04-19T00:00:00 * Elevation: -780.0 m * Recovery: 5.14 m * Location: south of Abrolhos Bank * Campaign: JOPSII-8 * Basis: Victor Hensen * Method/Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL)
Further isotope data and age models see Arz et al. (1998) datasets: doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.711735 and Arz et al. (1999) datasets: doi:10.1594/PANGAEA.711752
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