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Fütterer, Dieter K; Shipboard Scientific Party (2009): Descriptions of 104 gravity and piston sediment cores from POLARSTERN expedition ARK-VIII/3 to the Arctic Ocean. PANGAEA, https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.711051, Supplement to: Fütterer, Dieter K (1992): ARCTIC 91: Die Expedition ARK-VIII/3 mit FS Polarstern 1991 (ARCTIC 91: The Expedition ARK-VIII/3 of RV Polarstern in 1991). Berichte zur Polarforschung = Reports on Polar Research, 107, 267 pp, https://doi.org/10.2312/BzP_0107_1992

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Abstract:
Sediment descriptions and lithostratigraphy (chapter 6.4)
NANSEN BASIN
The upperrnost 20-50 cm of sedirnents in the Nansen Basin norrnally cornprise soft dark brown, brown-grayish and brown clay. Except for the toprnost clay, the four piston cores retrieved, contained quite different lithologies: a rnuddy diarnicton with outsized clasts (PS2157-6), sandy-silt beds alternating with clay beds (PS2159-6), and silty clay beds of brownish and grayish colours (PS2161-3). Core PS2208-3 was retrieved frorn a plateau on a searnount. The plateau was serni-encircled by hills. The upper 250 cm of this core cornprise brown and olive brown clays. Below these are several sandlayers and a 74 cm thick unit of a sandy mud with rnud-clasts up to 20 cm in diameter.
GAKKEL RIDGE
The uppermost 20-50 cm of sediments on the Gakkel Ridge comprise soft dark brown, brown, grayish brown clay. In most of the cores there are two horizons of brown clay separated by olive brown clay. The upper horizon is darker. The older stratigraphy is rather varied. Core PS2165-1 contains several thin gray sandlsilt layers, probably distal turbidites. The sarne is found in Core PS2167-1. This core also has a thick (approx. 2 rn) coarse grained turbidite containing large rnud clasts and basaltic rock fragrnents. The color of the turbiditic layers is dark gray.
There are several horizons of hernipelagic sandylsilty clays with quite a variety in colours; black, gray, olive, brown, yellowish brown and reddish. The colour variation rnay be due to hydrotherrnal activity or provenance or a shift in redox potential. Cores PS2168-2 and PS2169-1 have typical sequences of very dark gray sandy mud with sharp lower boundaries grading upwards into olive brown clay. Below the lower boundary is often a thin (1-2 cm) gray clay layer.
AMUNDSEN BASIN
The giant box cores (GKG) provided in most cases excellently preserved sedirnent surfaces which consisted in the entire Amundsen Basin of dark brown to dark grayish brown silty clay with few dropstones and common calcareous microfossils (foraminifers and calcareous nannofossils). The brown and grayish brown color of the sediment surface is a result of the oxidizing conditions at the seafloor due to the rapid renewal of the bottom water rnasses. Planktic forarninifers and calcareous nannofossils are relatively frequent and well preserved despite the rernote location of the basin and its water depths of >4000 rn. Srnear slide descriptions have shown that the surface sedirnents consist dorninantly of clays to silty rnuds with clay rninerals and quartz as the rnost important constituents. The coarse fractions contained besides planktic and benthic forarninifers and coarse clastic rnaterials, rare bivalves, dropstones and mud clasts. The Station PS2190 at the North Pole is a particular good exarnple of the type of sedirnents deposited at the sea floor surface of the Arnundsen Basin, with hornogenous dark brown soft clay covering a sedirnent sequence of highly variable cornposition.
Nurnerous giant box cores also provide insight into the detailed lithostratigraphy of the upperrnost sedirnent layers. Twelve box cores have been collected frorn the Arnundsen Basin. Below the youngest unit of 5-20 crn thick silty clays deposits of variable stratigraphies have been found, rnostly consisting of clays or silty clays. In a few instances turbidites have been observed. Benthic forarninifers have not been found in the surface sedirnents. Other fossils were extrernely rare.
Bioturbation is weakly developed on all stations. Benthic anirnals seern to live only in and on the upperrnost 2 cm of the uppermost sediment layer. They cornprise amphipods (on all stations) and holothurians, bryozoans, polychaetes, and porifers at one station each.
LOMONOSOV RIDGE
Sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge show a variety of colors and textures. Following smear slide analyses they are composed mostly of clay minerals and quartz with mica and feldspars, especially in the siltier and sandier parts. Volcanic glass, microcrystalline carbonate, opaque minerals and green amphibole are occasional accessories.
The sediments from the Lomonosov Ridge show a noticeable difference from sediments collected from the surrounding basins. Lomonosov Ridge sediments are richer in silt and sand than basin sediments. Occasional turbidites occur in ridge sediments but these must be of entirely local origin. The ridge sediments include frequent layers of "cottage cheese" texture made up of what appear to be small, angular mud clasts of a variety of colors.
Coverage:
Median Latitude: 86.205789 * Median Longitude: 61.046408 * South-bound Latitude: 79.694800 * West-bound Longitude: -14.368700 * North-bound Latitude: 90.000000 * East-bound Longitude: 159.167500
Date/Time Start: 1991-08-06T00:00:00 * Date/Time End: 1991-10-02T00:00:00
Event(s):
PS2157-4 (PS19/150) * Latitude: 81.755300 * Longitude: 29.915300 * Date/Time: 1991-08-06T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2874.0 m * Penetration: 0.37 m * Recovery: 0.39 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/3 (PS19 ARCTIC91) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Giant box corer (GKG)
PS2157-5 (PS19/150) * Latitude: 81.755300 * Longitude: 29.915300 * Date/Time: 1991-08-06T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2874.0 m * Penetration: 1.65 m * Recovery: 0.77 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/3 (PS19 ARCTIC91) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Gravity corer (Kiel type) (SL) * Comment: 1 section: 0-77; canad. TriggerweightCore als Schwerelot gefahren
PS2157-6 (PS19/150) * Latitude: 81.755300 * Longitude: 29.915300 * Date/Time: 1991-08-06T00:00:00 * Elevation: -2874.0 m * Penetration: 3.76 m * Recovery: 3.76 m * Location: Svalbard * Campaign: ARK-VIII/3 (PS19 ARCTIC91) * Basis: Polarstern * Device: Giant piston corer (GPC) * Comment: 4 core sections: 0-0.72, 0.72-1.74, 1.74-2.74, 2.74-3.76 m; TWC:78 cm
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103 datasets

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  1. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H; Matthiessen, J (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2214-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115229
  2. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2157-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115128
  3. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2157-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115129
  4. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2157-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115130
  5. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2158-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115131
  6. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2159-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115132
  7. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2159-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115133
  8. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2006): Documentation of sediment core PS2160-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.512319
  9. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2161-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115134
  10. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2161-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115135
  11. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2161-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115136
  12. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2162-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115137
  13. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2163-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115138
  14. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2163-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115139
  15. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2163-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115140
  16. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2164-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115141
  17. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2164-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115142
  18. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2165-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115143
  19. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2165-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115144
  20. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2165-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115145
  21. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2166-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115146
  22. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2166-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115147
  23. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2167-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115148
  24. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2167-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115149
  25. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2168-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115150
  26. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2168-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115151
  27. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2169-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115152
  28. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2170-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115153
  29. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2170-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115154
  30. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2171-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115155
  31. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2171-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115156
  32. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2172-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115157
  33. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2172-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115158
  34. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2173-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115159
  35. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2174-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115160
  36. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2174-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115161
  37. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2174-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115162
  38. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2175-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115163
  39. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2175-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115164
  40. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2175-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115165
  41. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2176-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115166
  42. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2176-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115167
  43. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2176-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115168
  44. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2177-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115169
  45. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2177-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115170
  46. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2177-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115171
  47. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2178-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115172
  48. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2178-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115173
  49. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2178-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115174
  50. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2179-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115175
  51. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2180-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115176
  52. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2180-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115177
  53. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2181-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115178
  54. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2182-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115179
  55. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2183-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115180
  56. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2183-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115181
  57. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2184-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115182
  58. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2185-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115183
  59. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2185-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115184
  60. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2185-7. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115185
  61. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2186-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115186
  62. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2186-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115187
  63. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2187-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115188
  64. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2187-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115189
  65. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2187-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115190
  66. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2189-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115191
  67. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2189-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115192
  68. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2190-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115193
  69. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2190-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115194
  70. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2190-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115195
  71. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2192-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115196
  72. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2192-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115197
  73. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2193-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115198
  74. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2194-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115199
  75. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2195-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115200
  76. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2195-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115201
  77. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2196-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115202
  78. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2197-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115203
  79. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2197-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115204
  80. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2198-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115205
  81. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2199-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115206
  82. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2199-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115207
  83. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2200-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115208
  84. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2200-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115209
  85. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2200-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115210
  86. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2200-6. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115211
  87. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2201-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115212
  88. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2201-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115213
  89. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2201-4. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115214
  90. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2202-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115215
  91. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2202-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115216
  92. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2202-7. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115217
  93. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2206-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115218
  94. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2208-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115220
  95. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2209-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115221
  96. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2210-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115222
  97. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2211-2. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115223
  98. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2212-3. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115224
  99. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2212-5. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115225
  100. Fütterer, DK; Grobe, H (2003): Documentation of sediment core PS2213-1. https://doi.org/10.1594/PANGAEA.115226

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